Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 62, Issue 3, pp 277–297 | Cite as

Whistleblowing in Organizations: An Examination of Correlates of Whistleblowing Intentions, Actions, and Retaliation

  • Jessica R. Mesmer-MagnusEmail author
  • Chockalingam Viswesvaran


Whistleblowing on organizational wrongdoing is becoming increasingly prevalent. What aspects of the person, the context, and the transgression relate to whistleblowing intentions and to actual whistleblowing on corporate wrongdoing? Which aspects relate to retaliation against whistleblowers? Can we draw conclusions about the whistleblowing process by assessing whistleblowing intentions? Meta-analytic examination of 193 correlations obtained from 26 samples (N = 18,781) reveals differences in the correlates of whistleblowing intentions and actions. Stronger relationships were found between personal, contextual, and wrongdoing characteristics and whistleblowing intent than with actual whistleblowing. Retaliation might best be predicted using contextual variables. Implications for research and practice are discussed.


retaliation retaliatory acts organizational wrongdoing organizational justice whistleblowing whistleblower characteristics whistleblowing intentions 


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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jessica R. Mesmer-Magnus
    • 1
    Email author
  • Chockalingam Viswesvaran
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Management & MarketingUniversity of North Carolina at WilmingtonWilmingtonU.S.A
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyFlorida International University, University Park CampusMiamiU.S.A

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