Journal of Business Ethics

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 103–119 | Cite as

Comparing EthicalIdeologies AcrossCultures

  • Catherine N. Axinn
  • M. Elizabeth Blair
  • Alla Heorhiadi
  • Sharon V. Thach


Using measures developed by Singhapakdi et al. (1996, Journal of Business ethics15, 1131–1140) the perceived importance of ethics and social responsibility (PRESOR) is measured among MBA students in the United States, Malaysia and Ukraine revealing a stockholder view and two stakeholder views. Relativism and Idealism are also measured. The scores of MBA students are compared among each other and with those of the U.S. managers who were part of the original study. Managers' scores tend to be significantly higher on the Stockholder and Stakeholder II views, and much lower on Relativism than the MBA students. The Malaysian MBA students scored higher than did the American MBA students on Relativism, Idealism and the Stockholder view. The Ukrainian MBA students' scores on the three PRESOR factors are generally similar to those of the American MBAs, while they had the highest scores of any group on the Relativism scale. Overall, the patterns of responses, as much as the significant differences on specific scales, support the notion that culture, however defined, affects both values and ethics. Several directions for future research are identified.'

Ethics Culture Malaysia Ukraine United States 


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Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 2004

Authors and Affiliations

  • Catherine N. Axinn
    • 1
  • M. Elizabeth Blair
    • 1
  • Alla Heorhiadi
    • 2
  • Sharon V. Thach
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of MarketingCollege of BusinessOhio University AthensUSA
  2. 2.College of BusinessTennessee State UniversityNashvilleUSA

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