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Efficacy and safety of taxane plus anthracycline with or without cyclophosphamide in Chinese node-positive breast cancer patients: an open-label, randomized controlled trial

  • Yan Lin
  • Changjun Wang
  • Xin Huang
  • Xingtong Zhou
  • Yidong Zhou
  • Feng Mao
  • Jinghong Guan
  • Yu Song
  • Ying Zhong
  • Ying Xu
  • Qiang SunEmail author
Clinical trial
  • 22 Downloads

Abstract

Purpose

To evaluate and compare the efficacy and safety of the taxane plus anthracycline (TA) regimen vs. the taxane plus anthracycline plus cyclophosphamide (TAC) regimen as adjuvant chemotherapy in Chinese patients with node-positive breast cancer (BCa).

Methods

Patients with BCa (n = 640) were recruited between January 2010 and June 2012. All patients were randomized to receive six cycles of adjuvant therapy with the TA or TAC regimen. The primary endpoint was disease-free survival (DFS). The secondary endpoints were overall survival (OS), quality of life (QoL), and chemotherapy-related toxicity. Finally, 630 patients were evaluable, with a median follow-up of 70 months.

Results

There were no differences in the 70-month median DFS and OS between the two groups (DFS: TA 79.7% vs. TAC 75.6%, P = 0.371; OS: TA vs. TAC, 85.1% vs. 87.6%, P = 0.271). The TA group had lower frequencies grade III/IV vomiting (TA vs. TAC, 11.7% vs. 18.1%, P = 0.025) and nausea (13.0% vs. 19.4%, P = 0.031). The health-related QoL score was higher in the TA group (74.1 ± 5.3 vs. 67.9 ± 4.4, P = 0.001 vs. TAC).

Conclusions

In the adjuvant setting, compared with the TAC regimen, the TA regimen exhibits no significant difference with respect to DFS and OS in Chinese patients with node-positive BCa. On the other hand, TA is associated with less severe adverse events, lower economic burden, and better QoL.

Keywords

Breast cancer Adjuvant chemotherapy Efficacy Safety Quality of life Randomized controlled study 

Abbreviations

BCa

Breast cancer

CINV

Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting

DFS

Disease-free survival

NSABP

National Surgical Adjuvant Breast and Bowel Project

OS

Overall survival

QoL

Quality of life

TA

Taxane and anthracycline

TAC

Taxane plus anthracycline with cyclophosphamide

Notes

Funding

None.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Informed consent

All patients provided written informed consent forms before participation in the study.

Research involving human participants

The study protocol was approved by the Institutional Review Board at Peking Union Medical College in accordance with the latest version of the Declaration of Helsinki. This trial was registered with ClinicalTrials.gov (#NCT02838225).

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Breast Disease, Peking Union Medical College HospitalPeking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina

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