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Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 171, Issue 1, pp 209–215 | Cite as

Predictors of surveillance mammography outcomes in women with a personal history of breast cancer

  • Kathryn P. Lowry
  • Lior Z. Braunstein
  • Konstantinos P. Economopoulos
  • Laura Salama
  • Constance D. Lehman
  • G. Scott Gazelle
  • Elkan F. Halpern
  • Catherine S. Giess
  • Alphonse G. Taghian
  • Janie M. Lee
Epidemiology

Abstract

Purpose

To identify predictors of poor mammography surveillance outcomes based on clinico-pathologic features.

Methods

This study was HIPAA compliant and IRB approved. We performed an electronic medical record review for a cohort of women with American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) Stage I or II invasive breast cancer treated with breast conservation therapy who developed subsequent in-breast treatment recurrence (IBTR) or contralateral breast cancer (CBC). Poor surveillance outcome was defined as second breast cancer not detected by surveillance mammography, including interval cancers (diagnosed within 365 days of surveillance mammogram with negative results) and clinically detected cancers (diagnosed without a surveillance mammogram in the preceding 365 days). Univariate and multivariate logistic regression were performed to identify predictors of poor mammography surveillance outcome, including patient and primary tumor characteristics, breast density, mode of primary tumor detection, and time to second cancer diagnosis.

Results

164 women met inclusion criteria (65 with IBTR, 99 with CBC); 124 had screen-detected second cancers. On univariate analysis, poor surveillance outcome (n = 40) was associated with age at primary cancer diagnosis < 50 years (p < 0.0001), AJCC stage II primary cancers (p = 0.007), and heterogeneously or extremely dense breasts (p = 0.04). On multivariate analysis, age < 50 years at primary breast cancer diagnosis remained a significant predictor of poor surveillance outcome (p = 0.001).

Conclusion

Women younger than age 50 at primary breast cancer diagnosis are at risk of poor surveillance mammography outcomes, and may be appropriate candidates for more intensive clinical and imaging surveillance.

Keywords

History of breast cancer Surveillance Screening outcomes Mammography 

Notes

Funding

This work was supported by a Resident Research Grant from the Radiological Society of North America (KPL).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

EH is a research consultant for Hologic, Inc. and Real Imaging Ltd. GSG is a consultant for General Electric Healthcare. CDL serves on the Research Grant and Advisory Board for General Electric Healthcare. AGT is a consultant for VisionRT. JML receives a Research Grant from General Electric Company.

Ethical approval

This study complies with U.S. law. All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. For this type of study, formal consent is not required.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn P. Lowry
    • 1
    • 8
  • Lior Z. Braunstein
    • 2
  • Konstantinos P. Economopoulos
    • 3
  • Laura Salama
    • 4
  • Constance D. Lehman
    • 5
  • G. Scott Gazelle
    • 5
  • Elkan F. Halpern
    • 5
  • Catherine S. Giess
    • 6
  • Alphonse G. Taghian
    • 7
  • Janie M. Lee
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Radiology, Seattle Cancer Care AllianceUniversity of Washington School of MedicineSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Department of Radiation OncologyMemorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA
  3. 3.Department of SurgeryDuke University Medical CenterDurhamUSA
  4. 4.Department of Internal MedicineFlorida Atlantic UniversityBoca RatonUSA
  5. 5.Department of RadiologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  6. 6.Department of RadiologyBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  7. 7.Department of Radiation OncologyMassachusetts General HospitalBostonUSA
  8. 8.Division of Breast ImagingSeattle Cancer Care AllianceSeattleUSA

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