Predictors of the quality of life in Chinese breast cancer survivors
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Little is known about the importance of various factors which impair the quality of life (QOL) in survivors of breast cancer 1 year after diagnosis and over 1 year after diagnosis in China. Hence, the goal of this article is to quantitatively evaluate the factors which play an active role in impairing QOL 1 year after diagnosis and over 1 year after diagnosing survivors.
A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted at 34 Cancer Recovery Clubs across China from May 2014 to January 2015. The simplified Chinese version of the Quality of Life Questionnaire-Core 30 items (EORTC QLQ-C30) and the Breast Cancer-specific module QLQ-23 were used to measure QOL in 10794 Chinese women with breast cancer (1 year after diagnosis: 1029, over 1 year after diagnosis: 9765). Forward stepwise multivariable regression analysis was used to identify the most predictive factors for limitations on QOL. Partial R 2 values were calculated to appraise the independent proportion of explained variance within QOL by each factor included in the model.
The participants had higher scores of role functioning, sexual function, sexual enjoyment, and financial difficulties. The uppermost predictors of functional status and QOL were financial difficulties and fatigue for the 1 year after diagnosis, respectively, and fatigue, financial difficulties, and systemic side effects for the long-term survivors. These symptoms explained approximately 28–53% of the variability within the function scores and QOL expect for sexual enjoyment and sexual functioning. Although sociodemographic and clinical factors had a relative importance to sexual function and sexual enjoyment, they were even smaller and had less of an impact on other dimensions.
People who were more active and had an optimistic attitude towards life had relatively higher function scores. For the breast cancer patients 1 year after diagnosis, reducing the burden of fatigue might be a more preferable way to improve their functional status and QOL. Nevertheless, focusing on fatigue symptoms and systemic therapy side effects synchronously may present an especially worthwhile endeavor to enhance the long-term survivors’ functional status and QOL.
KeywordsBreast cancer 1 year after diagnosis Long-term survivors QOL Impact
We thank the study participants and the research staff for their contribution to this project.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest.
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