Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

, Volume 106, Issue 2, pp 255–262

Differences in the frequency and distribution of BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in breast/ovarian cancer cases from the Basque country with respect to the Spanish population: implications for genetic counselling

  • E. Beristain
  • C. Martínez-Bouzas
  • I. Guerra
  • N. Viguera
  • J. Moreno
  • E. Ibañez
  • J. Díez
  • F. Rodríguez
  • G. Mallabiabarrena
  • S. Luján
  • J. Gorostiaga
  • J. L. De Pablo
  • J. L. Mendizabal
  • M. I. Tejada
Epidemiology

DOI: 10.1007/s10549-006-9489-0

Cite this article as:
Beristain, E., Martínez-Bouzas, C., Guerra, I. et al. Breast Cancer Res Treat (2007) 106: 255. doi:10.1007/s10549-006-9489-0

Abstract

The prevalence of unique and recurrent BRCA1 and BRCA2 pathogenic mutations and unclassified variants varies among different populations. Two hundred and thirty-six breast and/or ovarian cancer patients were analysed to clarify the role of these genes in the Basque Country. We also studied 130 healthy women from the general population from the same region. Fifteen different pathological mutations were found in 16 index cases: 10 truncating mutations, 4 missense mutations and 1 splicing mutation. c.3002_3003insT and c.5788_5789delGT, both in exon 11 of BRCA2 have not previously been described. No pathological mutations were found in cases of sporadic juvenile breast cancer. There are no recurrent mutations in our population; apart from the mutation c.9254_9258del5, which appears in only two index cases. We have also found a lot of variants whose effect is unknown. From these variants, 17 have not previously been described: 6 missenses, 6 synonymous and 5 alterations in intronic regions. We would like to highlight the fact that 14.3% of patients with 3 or more cases of breast cancer in the family, and 16.7% of patients with family history of breast and ovarian cancer, present a pathological mutation in BRCA1 or BRCA2. This manuscript demonstrates that each population can have different mutations and due to this, Genetic Counselling and selection criteria must be different for each population. Furthermore, this article describes for the first time some new mutations and unclassified variants found in our population.

Keywords

BRCA1 BRCA2 Breast cancer Genetic counselling Ovarian cancer UCV 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • E. Beristain
    • 1
  • C. Martínez-Bouzas
    • 1
  • I. Guerra
    • 2
  • N. Viguera
    • 1
  • J. Moreno
    • 3
  • E. Ibañez
    • 3
  • J. Díez
    • 3
  • F. Rodríguez
    • 3
  • G. Mallabiabarrena
    • 3
  • S. Luján
    • 3
  • J. Gorostiaga
    • 2
  • J. L. De Pablo
    • 2
  • J. L. Mendizabal
    • 2
  • M. I. Tejada
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratorio de Genética MolecularHospital de CrucesBarakaldoSpain
  2. 2.Unidad de Patología MamariaHospital TxagorritxuVitoriaSpain
  3. 3.Unidad de Patología MamariaHospital de CrucesBarakaldoSpain

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