Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Human Olfactory Dysfunction

  • Pengfei HanEmail author
  • Yunpeng Zang
  • Joshi Akshita
  • Thomas Hummel


Olfactory dysfunctions affect a larger portion of population (up to 15% with partial olfactory loss, and 5% with complete olfactory loss) as compared to other sensory dysfunctions (e.g. auditory or visual) and have a negative impact on the life quality. The impairment of olfactory functions may happen at each stage of the olfactory system, from epithelium to cortex. Non-invasive neuroimaging techniques such as the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have advanced the understanding of the advent and progress of olfactory dysfunctions in humans. The current review summarizes recent MRI studies on human olfactory dysfunction to present an updated and comprehensive picture of the structural and functional alterations in the central olfactory system as a consequence of olfactory loss and regain. Furthermore, the review also highlights recent progress on optimizing the olfactory functional MRI as well as new approaches for data processing that are promising for future clinical practice.


Olfactory dysfunction MRI technique Central olfactory system Structure Function 



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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2019
corrected publication 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of PsychologySouthwest UniversityChongqingChina
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Cognition and Personality, Ministry of EducationSouthwest UniversityChongqingChina
  3. 3.Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Interdisciplinary Center Smell and TasteTU DresdenDresdenGermany

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