Quantification of Interictal Neuromagnetic Activity in Absence Epilepsy with Accumulated Source Imaging
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Aberrant brain activity in childhood absence epilepsy (CAE) during seizures has been well recognized as synchronous 3 Hz spike-and-wave discharges on electroencephalography. However, brain activity from low- to very high-frequency ranges in subjects with CAE between seizures (interictal) has rarely been studied. Using a high-sampling rate magnetoencephalography (MEG) system, we studied ten subjects with clinically diagnosed but untreated CAE in comparison with age- and gender-matched controls. MEG data were recorded from all subjects during the resting state. MEG sources were assessed with accumulated source imaging, a new method optimized for localizing and quantifying spontaneous brain activity. MEG data were analyzed in nine frequency bands: delta (1–4 Hz), theta (4–8 Hz), alpha (8–12 Hz), beta (12–30 Hz), low-gamma (30–55 Hz), high-gamma (65–90 Hz), ripple (90–200 Hz), high-frequency oscillation (HFO, 200–1,000 Hz), and very high-frequency oscillation (VHFO, 1,000–2,000 Hz). MEG source imaging revealed that subjects with CAE had higher odds of interictal brain activity in 200–1,000 and 1,000–2,000 Hz in the parieto-occipito-temporal junction and the medial frontal cortices as compared with controls. The strength of the interictal brain activity in these regions was significantly elevated in the frequency bands of 90–200, 200–1,000 and 1,000–2,000 Hz for subjects with CAE as compared with controls. The results indicate that CAE has significantly aberrant brain activity between seizures that can be noninvasively detected. The measurements of high-frequency neuromagnetic oscillations may open a new window for investigating the cerebral mechanisms of interictal abnormalities in CAE.
KeywordsChildhood absence epilepsy Magnetoencephalography High frequency oscillation Magnetic source imaging Seizure
This study was partially supported by a Trustee Grant from Cincinnati Children’s Hospital Medical Center and Grant Number R21NS072817 from the National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), the National Institutes of Health. Portions of this study were funded by a “Taking Flight” award from the Citizens United for Research in Epilepsy (CURE) (J.R.T.). We thank Ms. Hisako Fujiwara and Dr. Nat Hemasilpin for helping with MEG data acquisition. We thank all participants and their families for their time and support.
Conflict of interest
The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.
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