Brain Topography

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 205–213 | Cite as

Transmission of Brain Activity During Cognitive Task

  • Katarzyna Blinowska
  • Rafal Kus
  • Maciej Kaminski
  • Joanna Janiszewska
Original Paper

Abstract

The transmission of brain activity during constant attention test was estimated by means of the short-time directed transfer function (SDTF). SDTF is an estimator based on a multivariate autoregressive model. It determines the propagation as a function of time and frequency. For nine healthy subjects the transmission of EEG activity was determined for target and non-target conditions corresponding to pressing of a switch in case of appearance of two identical images or withholding the reaction in case of different images. The involvement of prefrontal and frontal cortex manifested by the propagation from these structures was observed, especially in the early stages of the task. For the target condition there was a burst of propagation from C3 after pressing the switch, which can be interpreted as beta rebound upon completion of motor action. In case of non-target condition the propagation from F8 or Fz to C3 was observed, which can be connected with the active inhibition of motor cortex by right inferior frontal cortex or presupplementary motor area.

Keywords

Transmission of information in brain Propagation of EEG activity Short-time directed transfer function Granger causality Cognitive processes Continuous attention test Working memory Active inhibition 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We would like to thank Dr. B. Burle for helpful discussions. This work was supported partly by the COST Action BM0601 “NeuroMath” and grant of Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education (Decision No. 119/N-COST/2008/0).

References

  1. Akaike H (1974) A new look at statistical model identification. IEEE Trans Automat Contr 19:716–723CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aron AR, Poldrack RA (2006) Cortical and subcortical contributions to stop signal response inhibition: role of subthalamic nucleus. J Neurosci 26:2424–2433CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Aron AR, Fletcher PC, Bullmore ET, Sahakian BJ, Robbins TW (2003) Stop-signal inhibition disrupted by damage to right inferior frontal gyrus in humans. Nat Neurosci 6:115–116CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Aron AR, Behrens TE, Smith S, Frank MJ, Poldrack RA (2007) Triangulating a cognitive control network using diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and functional MRI. J Neurosci 27(14):3743–3752CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Astolfi L, Cincotti F, Mattia D, Babiloni C, Carducci F, Basiliasco A, Rossini PM, Salinari S, Ding L, Ni Y (2005) Assessing cortical functional connectivity by linear inverse estimation and directed transfer function: simulations and application to real data. Clin Neurophysiol 116(4):920–932CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Babiloni F, Cincotti F, Babiloni C, Carducci F, Mattia D, Astolfi L, Basiliasco A, Rossini M, Ding L, Ni Y, Cheng J, Christine K, Sweeney J, He B (2005) Estimation of the cortical functional connectivity with the multimodal integration of high-resolution EEG and fMRI data by directed transfer function. Neuroimage 24(1):118–131CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Basinska-Starzycka A, Pasqual-Marqui RD (2001) Prefrontal structures involved in the continuous attention test performance as localized by the low-resolution electromagnetic tomography. In: Recent advances in human brain mapping, Intern Congress Series, vol 123. Elsevier, New York, pp 433–437Google Scholar
  8. Bekisz M, Wróbel A (1999) Coupling of beta and gamma activity in corticothalamic system of cats attending to visual stimuli. Neuroreport 10(17):3589–3594CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Blinowska KJ, Kus R, Kaminski M (2004) Granger causality and information flow in multivariate processes. Phys Rev E 70:050902CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Burle B, Vidal F, Tandonnet C, Hasbroucq T (2004) Physiological evidence for response inhibition in choice reaction time tasks. Brain Cogn 56:153–164CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Chafee M, Goldman-Rakic P (2000) Inactivation of parietal and prefrontal cortex reveals interdependence of neural activity during memory-guided saccades. J Neurophysiol 83(3):1550–1566PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Forstmann BU, Jahfari S, Scholte S, Wolfensteller U, van den Wildenberg WPM, Ridderinkhof KR (2008) Function and structure of the right inferior frontal cortex predict individual differences in response inhibition: a model-based approach. J Neurosci 28(39):9790–9796CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Franaszczuk PJ, Bergey GK (1998) Application of the directed transfer function method to mesial and lateral onset temporal lobe seizures. Brain Topogr 11:13–21CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Fried I, Katz A, McCarthy G, Sass KJ, Williamson P, Spencer SS, Spencer DD (1991) Functional organization of human supplementary motor cortex studied by electrical stimulation. J Neurosci 11:3656–3666PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. Ginter J Jr, Blinowska KJ, Kaminski M, Durka PJ (2001) Phase and amplitude analysis in time-frequency space—application to voluntary finger movement. J Neurosci Methods 110:113–124CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Ginter J Jr, Blinowska KJ, Kaminski M, Durka PJ, Pfurtscheller G, Neuper C (2005) Propagation of EEG activity in beta and gamma band during movement imagery in human. Methods Inf Med 44:106–113PubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Goldman-Rakic PS (1987) Circuitry of primate prefrontal cortex and the regulation of behavior by representational memory. In: Plum F, Mountcastle V (eds) Handbook of physiology, vol 5(1). The nervous system. American Physiological Society, Bethesda, MD, pp 373–417Google Scholar
  18. Granger CWJ (1969) Investigating causal relations by econometric models and cross-spectral methods. Econometrica 37:424–438CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Habeck C, Rakitin BC, Moeller J, Scarmeas N, Zarahn E, Brown T, Stern Y (2005) An event-related fMRI study of the neural networks underlying the encoding, maintenance, and retrieval phase in a delayed-match-to-sample task. Cogn Brain Res 23(2–3):207–220CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Kaminski M, Blinowska KJ (1991) A new method of the description of the information flow in the brain structures. Biol Cybern 65:203–210CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Kamiński M, Blinowska KJ, Szelenberger W (1997) Topographic analysis of coherence and propagation of EEG activity during sleep and wakefulness. Electroencephalogr Clin Neurophysiol 102:216–227CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Kaminski M, Ding M, Truccolo W, Bressler S (2001) Evaluating causal relations in neural systems: Granger causality, directed transfer function and statistical assessment of significance. Biol Cybern 85:145–157CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Korzeniewska A, Kasicki S, Kamiński M, Blinowska KJ (1997) Information flow between hippocampus and related structures during various types of rat’s behavior. J Neurosci Methods 73:49–60CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Korzeniewska A, Crainiceanu C, Kus R, Franaszczuk PJ, Crone NE (2008) Dynamics of event-related causality (ERC) in brain electrical activity. Hum Brain Mapp 29:1170–1192CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Kus R, Kaminski M, Blinowska KJ (2004) Determination of EEG activity propagation: pair-wise versus multichannel estimate. IEEE Trans Biomed Eng 51:1501–1510CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Kus R, Ginter J Jr, Blinowska KJ (2006) Propagation of EEG activity during finger movement and its imagination. Acta Neurobiol Exp 66(3):195–206Google Scholar
  27. Kus R, Blinowska KJ, Kaminski M, Basińska-Starzycka A (2008) Transmission of information during continuous attention test. Acta Neurobiol Exp 68:103–112Google Scholar
  28. Luders H, Lesser RP, Dinner DS, Morris HH, Wyllie E, Godoy J (1988) Localization of cortical function: new information from extraoperative monitoring of patients with epilepsy. Epilepsia 29(Suppl 2):S56–S65CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Owen AM, Downes JJ, Sahakian BJ, Polkey CE, Robbins TW (1990) Planning and spatial working memory following frontal lobe lesions in man. Neuropsychologia 28(10):1021–1034CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. Owen AM, Evans AC, Petrides M (1996) Evidence for a two-stage model of spatial working memory processing within the lateral frontal cortex: a positron emission tomography study. Cereb Cortex 6:31–38CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Pfurtscheller G, Lopes da Silva FH (1999) Event-related desynchronization. Handbook of electroencephalography and clinical neurophysiology revised series, vol 6. Elsevier, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  32. Quintana J, Fuster J, Yajeya J (1989) Effects of cooling parietal cortex on prefrontal units in delay task. Brain Res 503:100–110CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Romo R, Brody CD, Hernández A, Lemus L (1999) Neuronal correlates of parametric working memory in the prefrontal cortex. Nature 399(6735):470–473CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  34. Ruppert D, Wand MP, Carroll RJ (2003) Semiparametric regression, vol xvi. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p 386Google Scholar
  35. Smith EE, Jonides J (1999) Storage and executive processes in the frontal lobes. Science 283:1657–1661CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Tiplady B (1992) Continuous attention: rationale and discriminant validation of a test designed for the use in psychopharmacology. Behav Res Methods Instrum Compt 24:16–21Google Scholar
  37. Zarahn E, Rakitin BC, Abela D, Flynn J, Stern Y (2006) Distinct spatial patterns of brain activity associated with memory storage and search. Neuroimage 33(2):794–804CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katarzyna Blinowska
    • 1
  • Rafal Kus
    • 1
  • Maciej Kaminski
    • 1
  • Joanna Janiszewska
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Biomedical PhysicsUniversity of WarsawWarsawPoland

Personalised recommendations