Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 152, Issue 1, pp 65–89

Multi-Scale Sensible Heat Fluxes in the Suburban Environment from Large-Aperture Scintillometry and Eddy Covariance

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10546-014-9916-4

Cite this article as:
Ward, H.C., Evans, J.G. & Grimmond, C.S.B. Boundary-Layer Meteorol (2014) 152: 65. doi:10.1007/s10546-014-9916-4

Abstract

Sensible heat fluxes (\(Q_{H}\)) are determined using scintillometry and eddy covariance over a suburban area. Two large-aperture scintillometers provide spatially integrated fluxes across path lengths of 2.8 and 5.5 km over Swindon, UK. The shorter scintillometer path spans newly built residential areas and has an approximate source area of 2–4 \(\text {km}^{2}\), whilst the long path extends from the rural outskirts to the town centre and has a source area of around 5–10 \(\text {km}^{2}\). These large-scale heat fluxes are compared with local-scale eddy-covariance measurements. Clear seasonal trends are revealed by the long duration of this dataset and variability in monthly \(Q_{H}\) is related to the meteorological conditions. At shorter time scales the response of \(Q_{H}\) to solar radiation often gives rise to close agreement between the measurements, but during times of rapidly changing cloud cover spatial differences in the net radiation (\(Q^{*}\)) coincide with greater differences between heat fluxes. For clear days \(Q_{H}\) lags \(Q^{*}\), thus the ratio of \(Q_{H}\) to \(Q^{*}\) increases throughout the day. In summer the observed energy partitioning is related to the vegetation fraction through use of a footprint model. The results demonstrate the value of scintillometry for integrating surface heterogeneity and offer improved understanding of the influence of anthropogenic materials on surface-atmosphere interactions.

Keywords

Energy balance Large-aperture scintillometer Seasonality Sensible heat flux Urban areas 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. C. Ward
    • 1
    • 2
  • J. G. Evans
    • 1
  • C. S. B. Grimmond
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Centre for Ecology and HydrologyWallingfordUK
  2. 2.Department of GeographyKing’s College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.Department of MeteorologyUniversity of ReadingReadingUK

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