Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 151, Issue 2, pp 239–256 | Cite as

Analytically Modelling Mean Wind and Stress Profiles in Canopies



An analytical model for mean wind profiles in sparse canopies (W. Wang, Boundary-Layer Meteorol 142:383–399, 2012) has been further developed, with (1) an explicit solution being derived, and (2) a linear term being added to the \(K\)-closure scheme to improve the shear-stress parametrization when the contribution of non-local transport is significant. Results from large-eddy simulations and from laboratory experiments are used to evaluate the model and adjust model parameters, showing that the model can well simulate canopy wind and stress profiles not only for sparse-canopy scenarios, but also for dense-canopy scenarios. The analytical solution converges exactly to the standard surface-layer logarithmic wind profile in the case of zero canopy density, and tends to an exponential wind profile for a dense canopy.


Analytical wind model Canopy mean wind profile Canopy stress profile Large-eddy simulation Non-local transport 



The author is grateful to two anonymous reviewers for their constructive comments and suggestions. This work is partly supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China under Grant No. 41075039 and 41375058.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.IMSG@ NCEP/NOAACollege ParkUSA

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