Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 140, Issue 3, pp 471–489 | Cite as

Combining a Detailed Building Energy Model with a Physically-Based Urban Canopy Model

  • Bruno Bueno
  • Leslie Norford
  • Grégoire Pigeon
  • Rex Britter


A scheme that couples a detailed building energy model, EnergyPlus, and an urban canopy model, the Town Energy Balance (TEB), is presented. Both models are well accepted and evaluated within their individual scientific communities. The coupled scheme proposes a more realistic representation of buildings and heating, ventilation and air-conditioning (HVAC) systems, which allows a broader analysis of the two-way interactions between the energy performance of buildings and the urban climate around the buildings. The scheme can be used to evaluate the building energy models that are being developed within the urban climate community. In this study, the coupled scheme is evaluated using measurements conducted over the dense urban centre of Toulouse, France. The comparison includes electricity and natural gas energy consumption of buildings, building façade temperatures, and urban canyon air temperatures. The coupled scheme is then used to analyze the effect of different building and HVAC system configurations on building energy consumption, waste heat released from HVAC systems, and outdoor air temperatures for the case study of Toulouse. Three different energy efficiency strategies are analyzed: shading devices, economizers, and heat recovery.


Anthropogenic heat Building simulation model Heating ventilation air-conditioning Town energy balance Urban heat island 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno Bueno
    • 1
  • Leslie Norford
    • 1
  • Grégoire Pigeon
    • 2
  • Rex Britter
    • 1
  1. 1.Massachusetts Institute of TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.CNRM-GAME, Météo France and CNRSToulouseFrance

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