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Boundary-Layer Meteorology

, Volume 131, Issue 1, pp 85–103 | Cite as

Adaptation of Pressure Based CFD Solvers for Mesoscale Atmospheric Problems

  • Gergely KristófEmail author
  • Norbert Rácz
  • Miklós Balogh
Original Paper

Abstract

General purpose Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) solvers are frequently used in small-scale urban pollution dispersion simulations without a large extent of ver- tical flow. Vertical flow, however, plays an important role in the formation of local breezes, such as urban heat island induced breezes that have great significance in the ventilation of large cities. The effects of atmospheric stratification, anelasticity and Coriolis force must be taken into account in such simulations. We introduce a general method for adapting pressure based CFD solvers to atmospheric flow simulations in order to take advantage of their high flexibility in geometrical modelling and meshing. Compressibility and thermal stratification effects are taken into account by utilizing a novel system of transformations of the field variables and by adding consequential source terms to the model equations of incompressible flow. Phenomena involving mesoscale to microscale coupled effects can be analyzed without model nesting, applying only local grid refinement of an arbitrary level. Elements of the method are validated against an analytical solution, results of a reference calculation, and a laboratory scale urban heat island circulation experiment. The new approach can be applied with benefits to several areas of application. Inclusion of the moisture transport phenomena and the surface energy balance are important further steps towards the practical application of the method.

Keywords

Computational Fluid Dynamics Convection Dispersion of pollutants Mesoscale flows Transformation Urban heat island 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gergely Kristóf
    • 1
    Email author
  • Norbert Rácz
    • 1
  • Miklós Balogh
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Fluid MechanicsBudapest University of Technology and EconomicsBudapestHungary

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