Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 79–87 | Cite as

Severe endothelial dysfunction in the aorta of a mouse model of Fabry disease; partial prevention by N-butyldeoxynojirimycin treatment

  • T. Heare
  • N. J. Alp
  • D. A. Priestman
  • A. B. Kulkarni
  • P. Qasba
  • T. D. Butters
  • R. A. Dwek
  • K. Clarke
  • K. M. Channon
  • F. M. Platt
Original Article

Summary

Objective: Fabry disease results from α-gala- ctosidase A deficiency and is characterized by the lysosomal accumulation of globotriaosylceramide. Globotriaosylceramide storage predominantly affects endothelial cells, altering vascular wall morphology and vasomotor function. Our objective was to investigate aortic globotriaosylceramide levels, morphology and function in a mouse model of Fabry disease, and the effect of substrate reduction therapy, using the glycosphingolipid biosynthesis inhibitor N-butyldeoxynojirimycin. Methods and results: Mice used were C57BL/6J and α-galactosidase A knockout (Fabry). We show progressive accumulation of aortic globotriaosylceramide throughout the lifespan of untreated Fabry mice (55-fold elevation at 2 months increasing to 187-fold by 19 months), localized to endothelial and vascular smooth-muscle cells; there was no effect on vascular wall morphology in young Fabry mice. In old mice, storage resulted in intimal thickening. Endothelial function declined with age in Fabry mouse aorta. Aortae from N-butyldeoxynojirimycin-treated Fabry mice at 19 months of age had reduced endothelial globotriaosylceramide storage, fewer morphological abnormalities and less severe vasomotor dysfunction compared with untreated littermates. Conclusion: We provide evidence of a novel vascular phenotype in the Fabry mouse that has relevance to vascular disease in Fabry patients. N-Butyldeoxynojirimycin treatment partially prevented the phenotype in the Fabry mouse by reducing endothelial globotriaosylceramide storage.

Abbreviations

ACh

acetylcholine

ERT

enzyme replacement therapy

D-t-EtDO-P4

D-threo-1-ethylenedioxyphenyl-2-palmitoylamino-3-pyrrolidino-propanol

Gb3

globotriaosylceramide

GSL

glycosphingolipid

iNOS

inducible nitric oxide synthase

NB-DNJ

N-butyldeoxynojirimycin

NO

nitric oxide

PE

phenylephrine

SNP

sodium nitroprusside

SRT

substrate reduction therapy

VSM

vascular smooth muscle

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Copyright information

© SSIEM and Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Heare
    • 1
  • N. J. Alp
    • 2
  • D. A. Priestman
    • 1
    • 3
  • A. B. Kulkarni
    • 4
  • P. Qasba
    • 5
  • T. D. Butters
    • 1
  • R. A. Dwek
    • 1
  • K. Clarke
    • 6
  • K. M. Channon
    • 2
  • F. M. Platt
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Glycobiology Institute, Department of BiochemistryUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  2. 2.Department of Cardiovascular MedicineUniversity of Oxford, John Radcliffe HospitalOxfordUK
  3. 3.Department of PharmacologyUniversity of OxfordOxfordUK
  4. 4.Functional Genomics Unit, National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial ResearchNational Institutes of HealthBethesdaUSA
  5. 5.Blood Diseases ProgramNational Heart Lung and Blood InstituteBethesdaUSA
  6. 6.Burdon Sanderson Cardiac Science CentreUniversity Laboratory of Physiology, University of OxfordOxfordUK

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