Biomedical Microdevices

, 18:39 | Cite as

Characterization of steady streaming for a particle manipulation system

  • Roni Amit
  • Avi Abadi
  • Gabor KosaEmail author


Accurate positioning of biological cells or microscopic particle without directly contacting them is a challenging task in biomedical engineering. Various trapping methods for controlling the position of a particle have been suggested. The common driving methods are based on laser and ultrasonic actuation principles. In this work we suggest a design for a hydrodynamic particle manoeuvring system. The system operates using steady streaming in a viscous fluid media induced by high frequency vibration of piezoelectric cantilevers. A particle within the workspace of the system can be trapped and manipulated to a desired position by the fairly unidirectional flow field created by the beams. In this paper, the flow field in the particle manipulation system is characterized numerically and experimentally. We find that the flow field resembles the analytical solutions of a flow field created by an oscillating sphere. Furthermore, we validate numerically the quadratic relation between the steady streaming velocity and the vibration amplitude of the beam. The calibration of the piezoelectric actuator’s oscillation amplitudes enables effective positioning of particles with a diameter of 20 um to 1 mm. We find that a 30X0.8X2 m m 3 piezoelectric beam vibrating at its first resonance frequency, 200 Hz, is able to move a particle at a typical flow velocity ranging between 0.05 mm/sec and 0.13 mm/s in 430 cSt Si oil (Re=0.2).


Microfluidic trapping Micro manipulation Steady streaming Piezoelectric actuation 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringTel Aviv UniversityTel AvivIsrael

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