Design and testing of a disposable microfluidic chemiluminescent immunoassay for disease biomarkers in human serum samples
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This paper presents the development of a plastic microfluidic immunosensor for rapid, reliable and on-the-spot detection of disease biomarkers in human sera. The microfluidic chips were fabricated in cyclic polyolefin by hot-embossing with a silicon master mold. The master itself was made using photolithographic techniques and Deep Reactive Ion Etching (DRIE). As a platform model, serum concentrations of C-reactive protein (CRP), a cardiac and inflammation marker, was measured on-chip using chemiluminescence based immunoassay. The assay results were read via an on-board instant photographic film, and with an imager capable of detecting chemiluminescent signals. The on-board detection module obviates the need for any dedicated bench-top analyzer for reading the immunoassay results, and therefore makes the device self-sufficient for point-of-care diagnostics when simple positive/negative results are sought. The microfluidic chemiluminescence results were compared with standard microplate ELISA analysis to assess the accuracy of the developed microfluidic immunoassay. Screening of CRP in human serum samples showed good correlation with ELISA analysis and the mean difference between the two methods using the Bland and Altman method was −0.079 ± 0.858 mg/L for hsCRP. With approximate assay times of 25 min, the developed microfluidic immunoassay approach shows great potential for rapid plus sensitive detection of disease markers at the point-of-care.
KeywordsMicrofluidic immunoassay Cyclic polyolefin Chemiluminescence Point-of-care diagnostics On-board detection
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