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Response to Millstein

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    Stefan Linquist and Jonathan Newman contributed significantly to the finalized version of this section.

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    Millstein notes that we used the term “fecundity” in the third of these statements, and she cautions about using terms that the historical figure being interpreted did not use. This is a sound point, and, if we had it to do over again, we would re-word that third statement. The choice of the term was mine, because we used my (Varner 1998, pp. 131–133) original formulation of the five summary statements. I intended “fecund” to mean “fruitful” in the very general sense of producing various products or services that are valuable to humans.


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Correspondence to Gary Varner.

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Varner, G. Response to Millstein. Biol Philos 35, 15 (2020).

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