Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 903–918

Varieties of parity


DOI: 10.1007/s10539-012-9331-5

Cite this article as:
Stegmann, U.E. Biol Philos (2012) 27: 903. doi:10.1007/s10539-012-9331-5


A central idea of developmental systems theory is ‘parity’ or ‘symmetry’ between genes and non-genetic factors of development. The precise content of this idea remains controversial, with different authors stressing different aspects and little explicit comparisons among the various interpretations. Here I characterise and assess several influential versions of parity.


Developmental systems DNA Causation Information 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Divinity, History and PhilosophyUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK

Personalised recommendations