Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 27, Issue 6, pp 903–918

Varieties of parity



A central idea of developmental systems theory is ‘parity’ or ‘symmetry’ between genes and non-genetic factors of development. The precise content of this idea remains controversial, with different authors stressing different aspects and little explicit comparisons among the various interpretations. Here I characterise and assess several influential versions of parity.


Developmental systems DNA Causation Information 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Divinity, History and PhilosophyUniversity of AberdeenAberdeenUK

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