Biology & Philosophy

, Volume 23, Issue 1, pp 153–156 | Cite as

A new cladistics of cladists

  • Malte C. Ebach
  • Juan J. Morrone
  • David M. Williams

Cladistics, also known as phylogenetic systematics, is an approach to systematics developed during the 20th century. Many of its basic concepts were formulated by Hennig (1950), though it then passed through important changes, especially during the last four decades (Platnick 1979; Nelson and Platnick 1981; Brady 1982, 1984) During this time contributions to specialized journals such as Systematic Zoology (currently Systematic Biology) and Cladistics have demonstrated the emergence of cladistics as a new and exciting field, with articles by Daniel Brooks, Joel Cracraft, James S. Farris, Arnold Kluge, Mary Mickevich, Gareth Nelson, Norman Platnick and Ed Wiley, among others, tackling important theoretical and methodological issues in systematics.

The ‘systematics wars’ of 20 years ago, chronicled by Hull (1988), were a cause célèbre.Hennigian cladists, transformed cladists, pattern cladists and pheneticists fought out the ‘cladistic revolution’. James Carpenter, in what he described...


Archetype Cladistics Homology Gestalt Systematics 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Malte C. Ebach
    • 1
  • Juan J. Morrone
    • 2
  • David M. Williams
    • 3
  1. 1.Botanischer Garten & Botanisches Museum Berlin-DahlemFreie Universität BerlinBerlinGermany
  2. 2.Museo de Zoología “Alfonso L. Herrera”, Departamento de Biología Evolutiva, Facultad de CienciasUNAMMexicoMexico
  3. 3.Department of BotanyThe Natural History MuseumLondonUK

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