Cadmium accumulation and tolerance in Populus nigra and Salix alba
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Rooted cuttings of Populus nigra L. clone Poli and Salix alba L. clone SS5 were treated for three weeks with 50 μM CdSO4 in nutrient solution. The willow showed a far higher Cd tolerance, expressed as tolerance index (Ti), than the poplar in both roots and leaves. The root Cd content was higher in poplar than in willow, whereas in leaves the opposite was found. As a consequence, the translocation factor (Tf) revealed a greater ability of Cd transport in willow than in poplar. Cd treatment enhanced cysteine, γ-glutamylcysteine and reduced glutathione contents in roots of both species, whereas in leaves they were only enhanced in poplar. Furthermore, only poplar leaves showed an enhanced content of phytochelatins, whereas malic and citric acids rose in response to Cd only in the willow leaves. Cd treatment increased putrescine, spermidine and spermine contents in both roots and leaves of the willow, whereas in poplar only the putrescine content was enhanced in roots.
Additional key wordscitric acid cysteine malic acid phytochelatins polyamines poplar thiols translocation factor willow
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This work was funded by MIUR (Ministry for Education, University and Research) under PRIN 2005 project No. 2005-072892. Authors also wish to thank Antonio Barchetti (CRA-RPS) for his valuable technical assistance.