Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 55, Issue 2, pp 340–344 | Cite as

Effects of salt and osmotic stresses on free polyamine content and expression of polyamine biosynthetic genes in Vitis vinifera

Brief Communication


Grape (Vitis vinifera L.) seedlings grown in vitro were treated with either 200 mM NaCl or 350 mM mannitol for 7 d. Both salinity and osmotic stress caused significant increase in electrolyte leakage. From the three commonly occurring free polyamines (PA), only conspicuous accumulation of putrescine was found in the NaCl-treated seedlings. Four PA biosynthetic genes encoding arginine decarboxylase (pVvADC), S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase (pVvSAMDC), spermidine synthase (pVvSPDS) and spermine synthase (pVvSPMS) were successfully isolated. While induction of pVvADC was observed from the 1st day of salt treatment, pVvSAMDC and pVvSPMS were induced only at late stage of stress. As for expression levels of genes in the mannitol-treated seedling, either temporary (pVvADC at day 1) or late (pVvSPMS at days 5 and 7) induction was observed.

Additional key words

abiotic stress electrolyte leakage grape mannitol NaCl putrescine spermine spermidine 



arginine decarboxylase


electrolyte leakage


Murashige and Skoog


ornithine decarboxylase




S-adenosylmethionine decarboxylase




spermidine synthase




spermine synthase


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This work was supported in part by Grants-in-Aid from Japan Society for Promotion of Science (JSPS).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Key Laboratory of Horticultural Plant Biology of Ministry of Education, College of Horticulture and Forestry SciencesHuazhong Agricultural UniversityWuhanP.R. China
  2. 2.National Institute of Fruit Tree ScienceTsukuba, IbarakiJapan

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