Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 54, Issue 2, pp 201–212

Transcription factors in plants and ABA dependent and independent abiotic stress signalling



Plants face variable environmental stresses that negatively affect plant growth and productivity. The multiplicity of responses is an important aspect of the complexity of stress signalling. Abscisic acid (ABA) is a broad-spectrum phytohormone involved not only in regulating stomatal opening, growth and development but also in coordinating various stress signal transduction pathways in plants during abiotic stresses. The both ABA-dependent and ABA-independent signal transduction pathways from stress signal perception to gene expression involve different transcription factors such as DREB, MYC/MYB, AREB/ABF, NAM, ATAF1,2, CUC and their corresponding cis-acting elements DRE, MYCRS/MYBRS, ABRE, NACRS. Genetic analysis of ABA mutants has given insight that ABA-dependent and ABA-independent pathways for osmotic stress and cold stress interact and converge. This review focuses on ABA-dependent and ABA-independent transcriptional components and cascades, their specificity and crosstalk in stress gene regulation.

Additional key words

cis-element cross talk downstream genes gene regulation overexpression 



abscisic acid


ABRE binding factor


apetala 2


ABA responsive element binding protein


Arabidopsis transcription factor 1 or 2 like family


cup-shaped cotyledon


drought responsive element binding protein 2


ethylene responsive factor


high expression of osmotic responsive genes


no apical meristem


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© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Discipline of Marine Biotechnology and Ecology, Central Salt and Marine Chemicals Research InstituteCouncil of Scientific and Industrial ResearchBhavnagarIndia

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