Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 51, Issue 3, pp 401–406 | Cite as

Leaf senescence and activities of the antioxidant enzymes

Review

Abstract

Senescence is a genetically regulated process that involves decomposition of cellular structures and distribution of the products of this degradation to other plant parts. Reactions involving reactive oxygen species are the intrinsic features of these processes and their role in senescence is suggested. The malfunction of protection against destruction induced by reactive oxygen species could be the starting point of senescence. This article reviews biochemical changes during senescence in relation to reactive oxygen species and changes in antioxidant protection.

Additional key words

ageing enzymatic antioxidants lipid peroxidation non-enzymatic antioxidants oxidative stress 

Abbreviations

APX

ascorbate peroxidase

Asc

ascorbate

CAT

catalase

Chl

chlorophyll

DHA

dehydroascorbate

DHAR

dehydroascorbate reductase

GPX

glutathione peroxidase

GR

glutathione reductase

GSH

reduced glutathione

GSSG

oxidized glutathione

MDHA

monodehydroascorbate radical

MDHAR

monodehydroascorbate reductase

ROS

reactive oxygen species

SOD

superoxide dismutase

α-toc

α-tocopherol

α-car

α-carotene

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© Institute of Experimental Botany, ASCR 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Experimental BotanyAcademy of Sciences of the Czech RepublicPrague 6Czech Republic

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