Biologia Plantarum

, Volume 50, Issue 2, pp 205–209 | Cite as

Intraspecific interactions in Arabidopsis thaliana and the stomatal mutants tmm1-1 and sdd1-2

  • J. L. Alwerdt
  • D. J. Gibson
  • S. D. Ebbs
  • A. J. Wood


Competition is a major density-dependent factor structuring plant populations and communities in both natural and agricultural systems. Seedlings of the model plant species Arabidopsis thaliana cv. Columbia, and the Columbia-derived stomatal mutants sdd1 and tmm1, were grown under controlled conditions at increasing densities of 1, 10, 20, and 50 plants per pot. We demonstrate significant effects of time (days after planting), density, genotype, density and genotype, and the three-way interaction with time upon several fitness components (plant height, silique number, leaf biomass and flowering stalk biomass) in Columbia and these mutants.

Additional key words

biomass competition density plant height 



days after planting


stomatal density and distribution


too many mouths


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Aarssen, L.W., Clauss, M.J.: Genotypic variation in fecundity allocation in Arabidopsis thaliana.-J. Ecol. 80: 109–114, 1992.Google Scholar
  2. Aarssen, L.W., Turkington, R.: Biotic specialization between neighbouring genotypes in Lolium perenne and Trifolium repens from a permanent pasture.-J. Ecol. 73: 605–614, 1985.Google Scholar
  3. Andalo, C., Goldringer, I., Godelle, B.: Inter-and intragenotypic competition under elevated carbon dioxide in Arabidopsis thaliana.-Ecology 82: 157–164, 2001.Google Scholar
  4. Ballare, C.L., Scopel, A.L.: Phytochrome signaling in plant canopies: Testing its population level implications with photoreceptor mutants of Arabidopsis.-Funct. Ecol. 11: 441–450, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bazzaz, F.A., Stinson, K.A.: Genetic vs. environmental control of ecophysiological processes: some challenges for predicting community responses to global change.-In: Press, M.C., Scholes, J.D., Barker, M.G. (ed.): Physiological Plant Ecology. Pp. 283–295. Blackwell Science, Oxford 1999.Google Scholar
  6. Berger, D., Altmann, T.: A subtilisin-like serine protease involved in the regulation of stomatal density and distribution in Arabidopsis thaliana.-Genes Dev. 14: 1119–1131, 2000.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Cahill, J.F., Kembel, S.W., Gustafson, D.J.: Differential genetic influences on competitive effects and response in Arabidopsis thaliana.-J. Ecol. 93: 958–967, 2005.Google Scholar
  8. Cayenberghs, E., Deckmyn, G., Ceulemans, R.: Decreased ultraviolet-B radiation alters the vertical biomass distribution in cocksfoot.-Biol. Plant. 44: 385–389, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cipollini, D.F.: Does competition magnify the fitness costs of induced responses in Arabidopsis thaliana? A manipulative approach.-Oecologia 131: 514–520, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Damgaard, C., Jensen, B.: Disease resistance in Arabidopsis thaliana increase the competitive ability and the predicted probability of long-term ecological success under disease pressure.-Oikos 98: 459–466, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Fitter, A., Williamson, L., Linkohr, B., Leyser, O.: Root system architecture determines fitness in an Arabidopsis mutant in competition for immobile phosphate ions but not for nitrate ions.-Proc. roy. Soc. Biol. Sci. Ser. B 269: 2017–2022, 2002.Google Scholar
  12. Grace, J.B., Tilman, D. (ed.): Perspectives on Plant Competition.-Academic Press, San Diego 1990.Google Scholar
  13. Griffing, B.: Genetic analysis of plant mixtures.-Genetics 122: 943–956, 1989.Google Scholar
  14. Gustafson, D.J., Gibson, D.J., Nickrent, N.L.: Genetic diversity and competitive abilities of Dalea purpurea (Fabaceae) from remnant and restored grasslands.-Int. J. Plant Sci. 163: 979–990, 2002.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Gustafson, D.J., Gibson, D.J., Nickrent, N.L.: Competitive relationships of Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) from remnant and restored native populations and select cultivated varieties.-Funct. Ecol. 18: 451–457, 2004.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Harper, J.L.: Population Biology of Plants.-Academic Press, London 1977.Google Scholar
  17. Hetherington, A.M., Woodward, F.I.: The role of stomata in sensing and driving environmental change.-Nature 424: 901–908, 2003.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Howell, D.C.: Statistical Methods for Psychology. 4th Ed.-Duxbury Press, Belmont 1997.Google Scholar
  19. Keddy, P.A.: Competition. 2nd Ed.-Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht 2001.Google Scholar
  20. Krannitz, P.G., Aarssen, L.W., LeFabvre, D.D.: Short-term competition for phosphate between two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana.-New Phytol. 119: 389–396, 1991.Google Scholar
  21. Larkin, J.C., Marks, M.D., Nadeau, J., Sack, F.: Epidermal cell fate and patterning in leaves.-Plant Cell 9: 1109–1120, 1997.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Mauricio, R.: An ecological genetic approach to the study of coevolution.-Amer. Zoologist 41: 916–927, 2001.Google Scholar
  23. Nadeau, J.A., Sack, F.D.: Control of stomatal distribution on the Arabidopsis leaf surface.-Science 296: 1697–1700, 2000a.Google Scholar
  24. Nadeau, J.A., Sack, F.D.: Stomatal development in Arabidopsis.-In: Somerville, C.R., Meyerowitz, E.M. (ed.): The Arabidopsis Book. American Society of Plant Biologists, Rockville, doi/10.1199/tab.0066,, 2000b.Google Scholar
  25. Pfeiffer, T.L., Cho, Y., Gibson, D., Young, B., Wood A.J.: Utility of trigonelline as a biochemical marker for interspecific competition between soybean and the weed common waterhemp.-Biol. Plant. 44: 619–622, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Pigliucci, M., Hayden, K.: Phenotypic plasticity is the major determinant of changes in phenotypic integration in Arabidopsis.-New Phytol. 152: 419–430, 2001.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Purves, D.W., Law, R.: Experimental derivation of functions relating growth of Arabidopsis thaliana to neighbour size and distance.-J. Ecol. 90: 882–894, 2002.Google Scholar
  28. Serna, L., Fenoll, C.: Reinforcing the idea of signaling in the stomatal pathway.-Trends Genet. 18: 597–600, 2002.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Schluter, U., Muschak, M., Berger, D., Altmann, T.: Photosynthetic performance of an Arabidopsis mutant with elevated stomatal density (sdd1-1) under different light regimes.-J. exp. Bot. 54: 867–874, 2003.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Tow, P.G., Lazenby, A. (ed.): Competition and Succession in Pastures.-CABI Publishing, Wallingford 2001.Google Scholar
  31. Von Groll, U., Berger, D., Altmann, T.: The subtilisin-like serine protease SDD mediates cell-to-cell signaling during Arabidopsis stomatal development.-Plant Cell 14: 1527–1539, 2002.Google Scholar
  32. Wood, A.J., Goldsbrough, P.B.: Characterization and expression of dehydrins in water-stressed Sorghum bicolor.-Physiol. Plant. 99: 144–152, 1997.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Yang, M., Sack, F.D.: The too many mouths and four lips mutations affect stomatal production in Arabidopsis.-Plant Cell 7: 2227–2239, 1995.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Institute of Experimental Botany, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Praha 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. L. Alwerdt
    • 1
  • D. J. Gibson
    • 1
  • S. D. Ebbs
    • 1
  • A. J. Wood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Plant BiologySouthern Illinois University-CarbondaleCarbondaleUSA

Personalised recommendations