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BioMetals

, Volume 27, Issue 5, pp 1057–1068 | Cite as

Aerosolized bovine lactoferrin reduces lung injury and fibrosis in mice exposed to hyperoxia

  • Hsiao-Ling Chen
  • Chih-Ching Yen
  • Shih-Ming Wang
  • Tung-Chou Tsai
  • Zi-Lun Lai
  • Jheng-Yue Sun
  • Willei Lin
  • Wu-Huei Hsu
  • Chuan-Mu ChenEmail author
Article

Abstract

This study investigated the ability of aerosolized bovine lactoferrin (bLF) to protect the lungs from injury induced by chronic hyperoxia. Female CD-1 mice were exposed to hyperoxia (FiO2 = 80 %) for 7 days to induce lung injury and fibrosis. The therapeutic effects of bLF, administered via an aerosol delivery system, on the chronic lung injury induced by this period of hyperoxia were measured by bronchoalveolar lavage, lung histology, cell apoptosis, and inflammatory cytokines in the lung tissues. After exposure to hyperoxia for 7 days, the survival of the mice was significantly decreased to 20 %. The protective effects of bLF against hyperoxia were further confirmed by significant reductions in lung edema, total cell numbers in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid, inflammatory cytokines (IL-1β and IL-6), pulmonary fibrosis, and apoptotic DNA fragmentation. The aerosolized bLF protected the mice from oxygen toxicity and increased the survival fraction to 66.7 % in the hyperoxic model. The results support the use of an aerosol therapy with bLF in intensive care units to reduce oxidative injury in patients with severe hypoxemic respiratory failure or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Keywords

Hyperoxic lung injury Lung fibrosis Aerosol therapy Bovine lactoferrin Oxygen toxicity 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank Prof. Jiung-Wang Liao for his help with the pathology analysis and our colleagues (Drs. Yu-Tang Tung, and Cheng-Wei Lai) in the Molecular Embryology & DNA Methylation Laboratory for their help with discussions and technical issues. We also would like to thank the Biostatic Center of China Medical University for assistance with the statistical analysis. This research was supported by grant NSC-95-2313-B-005-012 from the National Science Council, grant COA-97-6.2.1-U1(9) from the Council of Agriculture, and the Ministry of Education, Taiwan, Republic of China, under the aiming top university plan (ATU-101-S-0508).

Supplementary material

10534_2014_9750_MOESM1_ESM.tif (408 kb)
Supplemental Figure S1. Image of the ultrasonic nebulizer system to aerosolize bLF for the murine model of hyperoxia-induced lung injury and measurement of its efficiency for nebulization of bLF. An ultrasonic nebulizer was connected to the oxygen delivery system to aerosolize the bLF protein drug. The efficiency of aerosolized bLF in this system was measured. A total of 3.6 mg bLF dissolved in 70 mL PBS was delivered by this aerosol system and approximately 78 % of bLF protein was detected in the cage after 10 h of aerosolization. (TIFF 407 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hsiao-Ling Chen
    • 1
  • Chih-Ching Yen
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
  • Shih-Ming Wang
    • 2
  • Tung-Chou Tsai
    • 2
  • Zi-Lun Lai
    • 2
  • Jheng-Yue Sun
    • 2
  • Willei Lin
    • 5
  • Wu-Huei Hsu
    • 3
  • Chuan-Mu Chen
    • 2
    • 6
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BioresourcesDa-Yeh UniversityChanghwaTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Life Sciences, Agricultural Biotechnology CenterNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineChina Medical University HospitalTaichungTaiwan
  4. 4.College of Health CareChina Medical UniversityTaichungTaiwan
  5. 5.Program of Technology ManagementFun Jen Catholic UniversityHsinchuangTaiwan
  6. 6.Rong Hsing Research Center for Translational Medicine, iEGG CenterNational Chung Hsing UniversityTaichungTaiwan

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