Hydroxamate siderophores of the ectomycorrhizal fungi Suillus granulatus and S. luteus
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Despite indications that S. granulatus and S. luteus release iron-chelating compounds, the exact spectrum of ferric hydroxamates synthesized by these two Suillus species remained unclear. Hence the aim of this study was to identify all of the main siderophores produced by these two ectomycorrhizal fungal species under pure culture conditions. By means of HPLC and LC–MS analyses we show that S. granulatus releases cyclic and linear fusigen, ferrichrome, coprogen and triacetylfusarinine C into the nutrient medium, while S. luteus culture filtrates contain cyclic and linear fusigen, ferricrocin and coprogen. All of the different siderophores were identified on basis of reference compounds and their specific MS spectra which were recorded on a high resolution MS in positive electrospray ionisation mode. Initial HPLC separations were performed on a C-18 stationary phase, using an acidic eluent (0.1% formic acid in water and acetonitrile) in gradient mode. The potential of these two ectomycorrhizal fungal species to produce siderophores representing three different groups of hydroxamates is discussed in relation to its ecological significance.
KeywordsMycorrhizal symbiosis Basidiomycota Fungal siderophores Hydroxamates Iron mobilization
Strain DOM of Suillus granulatus (L. ex Fr.) O. Kuntze was kindly provided by F. Martin, INRA-Nancy, F-54280 Champenoux.
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