, Volume 116, Issue 1–3, pp 199–214 | Cite as

Budget of methane emissions from soils, livestock and the river network at the regional scale of the Seine basin (France)

  • Josette GarnierEmail author
  • Guillaume Vilain
  • Marie Silvestre
  • Gilles Billen
  • Stefan Jehanno
  • Dominique Poirier
  • Anun Martinez
  • Céline Decuq
  • Pierre Cellier
  • Gwenaël Abril


We used various approaches to establish a comprehensive budget of methane (CH4) emissions from the Seine basin, including direct emissions from livestock and soils as well as emissions from the drainage network. For the direct emissions from livestock, we used official livestock census numbers and emission factors (CH4 emitted by each animal species per head per year) available in the literature. For the emissions from soils, we based our estimates on experimental measurements in closed chambers installed on different agricultural plots, forest, and grasslands in 2008 and 2009. The results were extrapolated to the whole Seine basin, including grassland, cropland, and forest soil distributions in the Seine basin. The CH4 emissions from the Seine drainage network were also based on measurements of sampled waters in various rivers and streams (from headwaters to estuary) during different seasons in 2007, 2008, and 2010. After chemical analysis of CH4 concentrations in the water samples using a gas chromatographic technique and calculation of the CH4 supersaturation by stream order in rivers of the Seine basin (from 1 to 8) and by season we could estimate the CH4 emissions for the whole water surface area of the Seine drainage network. The livestock of the Seine basin produce CH4 emissions amounting to 166 × 106 kg C year−1, among which cattle are responsible for 85 %. The total CH4 emission from the Seine drainage network was estimated at 0.3 × 106 kg C year−1, large rivers being responsible for the largest proportion. Ebullition could account for an additional 0.2 × 106 kg C year−1. Soils of the Seine basin are a net sink for CH4 (9.4 × 106 kg C year−1). The water and soils fluxes are low with regard to emissions by livestock, but domestic waste, through landfills, could contribute an additional 40 × 106 kg C year−1.


CH4 emissions Budgets Cropland Livestock Rivers Seine basin 



This work was undertaken within the framework of the PIREN-Seine programme (Programme Interdisplinaire de Recherche en Environnement) and the FIRE (Fédération Ile-de-France de Recherche en Environnement). We thank François Gilloots for giving us admission to his property. We thank Benjamin Mercier and Olivier Tronquart for their kind technical field assistance. Reviewers are kindly acknowledged for the suggestions and comments that greatly improve the manuscript.

Supplementary material

10533_2013_9845_MOESM1_ESM.doc (31 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 31 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Josette Garnier
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Guillaume Vilain
    • 2
  • Marie Silvestre
    • 1
    • 2
  • Gilles Billen
    • 1
    • 2
  • Stefan Jehanno
    • 1
  • Dominique Poirier
    • 3
  • Anun Martinez
    • 1
  • Céline Decuq
    • 4
  • Pierre Cellier
    • 4
  • Gwenaël Abril
    • 3
  1. 1.UPMC, UMR 7619 SisypheParisFrance
  2. 2.CNRS, UMR 7619 SisypheParisFrance
  3. 3.CNRS UMR 5805 EPOC, OASU - Université Bordeaux 1Talence CEDEXFrance
  4. 4.INRA Unité Mixte de Recherche INRA/AgroParisTech Environnement et Grandes CulturesThiverval – GrignonFrance

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