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Biogeochemistry

, Volume 113, Issue 1–3, pp 369–383 | Cite as

Response of soil chemistry to forest dieback after bark beetle infestation

  • Jiří KaňaEmail author
  • Karolina Tahovská
  • Jiří Kopáček
Article

Abstract

We evaluated changes in the chemistry of the uppermost soil horizons in an unmanaged spruce forest (National Park Bohemian Forest, Czech Republic) for 3 years after dieback caused by a bark beetle infestation, and compared these changes with a similar undisturbed forest area. The soils below the disturbed forest received 2–6 times more elements via litter fall compared to the unaffected plot. The subsequent decomposition of litter and reduced nutrient uptake by trees resulted in a steep increase in soil concentrations of soluble N (NH4-N, organic-bound N) and P forms in the disturbed plot. The average concentrations of NH4-N and soluble reactive P increased from 0.8 to 4.4 mmol kg−1 and from 0.04 to 0.9 mmol kg−1, respectively, in the uppermost soil horizon. Decomposition of litter at the disturbed plot elevated soil concentrations of Ca2+, Mg2+ and K+, which replaced Al3+ and H+ ions from the soil sorption complex. Consequently, soil concentrations of exchangeable base cations increased from 120 to 200 meq kg−1, while exchangeable Al3+ and H+ decreased 66 and 50 %, respectively, and soil base saturation increased from 40 to 70 %. The Al3+ liberation did not elevate concentrations of ionic Al in the soil solution, because most of the liberated Al3+ was rapidly complexed by dissolved organic carbon (DOC) and transformed to DOC–Al complexes. The chemical parameters investigated at the unaffected plot remained stable during the study.

Keywords

Soil N and P availability Aluminum Cation exchange capacity Bark beetle Forest dieback 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This study was supported by Grant Agency of ASCR (KJB600960907) and partly by project No. GAJU 143/2010/P. We thank Daniel Vaněk, Tomáš Picek, Vladimíra Hejzlarová and Karel Murtinger for laboratory and field assistance, František Havlíček for litter sampling, and David Hardekopf for language corrections.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Kaňa
    • 1
    Email author
  • Karolina Tahovská
    • 2
  • Jiří Kopáček
    • 1
  1. 1.Biology Centre of the AS CRv.v.i. Institute of HydrobiologyČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic
  2. 2.Faculty of Biological SciencesUniversity of South BohemiaČeské BudějoviceCzech Republic

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