Advertisement

Biogeochemistry

, Volume 82, Issue 1, pp 15–28 | Cite as

Degradation rates of organic phosphorus in lake sediment

  • Kasper ReitzelEmail author
  • Joakim Ahlgren
  • Heidi DeBrabandere
  • Monica Waldebäck
  • Adolf Gogoll
  • Lars Tranvik
  • Emil Rydin
Original paper

Abstract

Phosphorus (P) binding groups were identified in phytoplankton, settling particles, and sediment profiles by 31P NMR spectroscopy from the Swedish mesotrophic Lake Erken. The 31P NMR analysis revealed that polyphosphates and pyrophosphates were abundant in the water column, but rapidly mineralized in the sediment. Orthophosphate monoesters and teichoic acids degraded more slowly than DNA-P, polyphosphates, and P lipids. Humic acids and organic acids from phytoplankton were precipitated from the NaOH extract by acidification and identified by 31P NMR spectroscopy. The precipitated P was significantly more recalcitrant than the P compound groups remaining in solution, but does not constitute a major sink of P as it did not reach a stable concentration with depth, which indicates that it may eventually be degraded. Since P also precipitated from phytoplankton, the origin of humic-P can not be related solely to allochthonous P.

Keywords

Organic P 31P NMR Lake sediment Degradation rates 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Kasper Reitzel was supported by the Carlsberg foundation by a postdoctoral grant and by the Danish Natural Science Research Council by grant # 21020463. The study was further supported by the Swedish Research Council for Environment, Agricultural Sciences, and Spatial Planning. Thanks to Ulrik Nørum for providing valuable help for statistical analyses.

References

  1. Ahlgren J, Tranvik L, Gogoll A, Waldebäck M, Markides K, Rydin E (2005) Depth attenuation of biogenic phosphorus compounds in lake sediment measured by 31P NMR. Environ Sci Technol 39:867–872CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Baldwin DS (1996) The phosphorus composition of a diverse series of Australian sediments. Hydrobiologia 335:63–73CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bedrock CN, Cheshire MV, Chudek JA, Goodman BA, Shand CA (1994) Use of P-31-Nmr to study the forms of phosphorus in peat soils. Sci Tot Environ 152:1–8CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Cade-Menun BJ, Preston CM (1996) A comparison of soil extraction procedures for P-31 NMR spectroscopy. Soil Sci 161:770–785CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Cosgrove DJ (1967) Metabolism of organic phosphate in soil. Soil Biochemistry, chapter 9. pp 216–228Google Scholar
  6. Degroot CJ, Golterman HL (1993) On the presence of organic phosphate in some Camargue sediments—evidence for the importance of phytate. Hydrobiologia 252:117–126Google Scholar
  7. Fenchel T, King GM, Blackburn TH (1998) Bacterial biogeochemestry: the ecophysiology of mineral cycling, 2nd edn. Academic Press, New York, pp 48–50Google Scholar
  8. Gächter R, Meyer JS, Mares A (1988) Contribution of bacteria to release and fixation of phosphorus in lake-sediments. Limnol Oceanogr 33:1542–1558CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Grant WD (1979) Cell wall teichoic acid as a reservoir phosphate source in Bacillus subtilis. J Bacteriol 137:35–43Google Scholar
  10. Hansen J, Reitzel K, Jensen HS, Andersen FO (2003) Effects of aluminum, iron, oxygen and nitrate additions on phosphorus release from the sediment of a Danish softwater lake. Hydrobiologia 492:139–149CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hupfer M, Rube B, Schmieder P (2004) Origin and diagenesis of polyphosphate in lake sediments: a P-31-NMR study. Limnol Oceanogr 49:1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Jensen HS, Caraco NF, Hansen J, Christensen KK (2005) On the ecological significance of humic-bound phosphorous in soil and sediments. Phosphates in sediments. Backhuys Publisher, The Netherlands, pp 99–108Google Scholar
  13. Jensen HS, McGlathery KJ, Marino R, Howarth RW (1998) Forms and availability of sediment phosphorus in carbonate sand of Bermuda seagrass beds. Limnol Oceanogr 43:799–810Google Scholar
  14. Kenney WF, Schelske CL, Chapman AD (2001) Changes in polyphosphate sedimentation: a response to excessive phosphorus enrichment in a hypereutrophic lake. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 58:879–887CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Koroleff F (1983) Determination of nutrients. Grasshof K, Ehrhardt M, Kremling K (eds) Method of seawater analysis. Verlag Chemie, WeinheimGoogle Scholar
  16. Makarov MI, Haumaier L, Zech W (2002) The nature and origins of diester phosphates in soils: a P-31-NMR study. Biol Fertility Soils 35:136–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Paludan C, Jensen HS (1995) Sequential extraction of phosphorus in freshwater wetland and lake sediment: significance of humic acids. Wetlands 15:365–373Google Scholar
  18. Paytan A, Cade-Menun BJ, McLaughlin K, Faul KL (2003) Selective phosphorus regeneration of sinking marine particles: evidence from P-31-NMR. Mar Chem 82:55–70CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Perdue EM (1998) Chemical composition, structure, and metal binding proberties. Aquatic humic substances, ecology, and biogeochemistry. Springer verlag, Berlin, pp 41–61Google Scholar
  20. Pettersson K (2001) Phosphorus characteristics of settling and suspended particles in Lake Erken. Sci Tot Environ 266:79–86CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Psenner R, Pucsko R (1988) Phosphorus fractionation: advantages and limits of the method for the study of sediment P origins and interactions. Archive für Hydrobiolgia Beih 30:43–59Google Scholar
  22. Reitzel K, Hansen J, Jensen HS, Andersen FO, Hansen KS (2003) Testing aluminum addition as a tool for lake restoration in shallow, eutrophic Lake Sonderby, Denmark. Hydrobiologia 506:781–787CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Reitzel K, Hansen J, Andersen FO, Hansen KS, Jensen HS (2005) Lake restoration by dosing aluminum relative to mobile phosphorus in the sediment. Environ Sci Technol 39:4134–4140CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Rydin E (2000) Potentially mobile phosphorus in Lake Erken sediment. Water Res 34:2037–2042CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Suzumura M, Kamatani A (1993) Isolation and determination of inositol hexaphosphate in sediments from Tokyo Bay. Geochimica Et Cosmochimica Acta 57:2197–2202CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Thurman EM (1985) Organic geochemistry of natural waters. Martinus Nijhoff/Dr W. junk Publishers, Dordrecht, pp 279–287Google Scholar
  27. Törnblom E, Rydin E (1998) Bacterial and phosphorus dynamics in profundal Lake Erken sediments following the deposition of diatoms: a laboratory study. Hydrobiologia 364:55–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Turner BL, Mahieu N, Condron LM (2003) Phosphorus-31 nuclear magnetic resonance spectral assignments of phosphorus compounds in soil NaOH–EDTA extracts. Soil Sci Soc Am J 67:497–510CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Turner BL, Papházy MJ, Haygarth PM, McKelvie ID (2002) Inositol phosphates in the invironment. Roy Soc 357:449–469Google Scholar
  30. Van Wazer JR (1958) Phosphorus and its compounds, vol 1. Wiley, New York, pp 452–459Google Scholar
  31. Wetzel RG (2001) Limnology. Lake and River systems, 3rd edn. Academic Press, Sandiego, CA, pp 731–783Google Scholar
  32. Weyhenmeyer GA (1996) The influence of stratification on the amount and distribution of different settling particles in Lake Erken. Can J Fish Aquat Sci 53:1254–1262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Weyhenmeyer GA, Håkanson L, Meili M (1996) A validated model for daily variations in the flux, origin, and distribution of settling particles within lakes. Limnol Oceanogr 42(7):1517–1529CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Zar JH (1984) Biostatistical analysis, 2nd edn. Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New JerseyGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kasper Reitzel
    • 1
    Email author
  • Joakim Ahlgren
    • 2
  • Heidi DeBrabandere
    • 2
  • Monica Waldebäck
    • 2
  • Adolf Gogoll
    • 3
  • Lars Tranvik
    • 4
  • Emil Rydin
    • 4
  1. 1.Institute of BiologyUniversity of Southern DenmarkOdense MDenmark
  2. 2.Department of Analytical ChemistryUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  3. 3.Department of Organic ChemistryUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden
  4. 4.Department of LimnologyUppsala UniversityUppsalaSweden

Personalised recommendations