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Biogeochemistry

, Volume 78, Issue 3, pp 247–265 | Cite as

Soil Respiration in the Cold Desert Environment of the Colorado Plateau (USA): Abiotic Regulators and Thresholds

  • Daniel P. FernandezEmail author
  • Jason C. Neff
  • Jayne Belnap
  • Richard L. Reynolds
Article

Abstract

Decomposition is central to understanding ecosystem carbon exchange and nutrient-release processes. Unlike mesic ecosystems, which have been extensively studied, xeric landscapes have received little attention; as a result, abiotic soil-respiration regulatory processes are poorly understood in xeric environments. To provide a more complete and quantitative understanding about how abiotic factors influence soil respiration in xeric ecosystems, we conducted soil- respiration and decomposition-cloth measurements in the cold desert of southeast Utah. Our study evaluated when and to what extent soil texture, moisture, temperature, organic carbon, and nitrogen influence soil respiration and examined whether the inverse-texture hypothesis applies to decomposition. Within our study site, the effect of texture on moisture, as described by the inverse texture hypothesis, was evident, but its effect on decomposition was not. Our results show temperature and moisture to be the dominant abiotic controls of soil respiration. Specifically, temporal offsets in temperature and moisture conditions appear to have a strong control on soil respiration, with the highest fluxes occurring in spring when temperature and moisture were favorable. These temporal offsets resulted in decomposition rates that were controlled by soil moisture and temperature thresholds. The highest fluxes of CO2 occurred when soil temperature was between 10 and 16 °C and volumetric soil moisture was greater than 10%. Decomposition-cloth results, which integrate decomposition processes across several months, support the soil-respiration results and further illustrate the seasonal patterns of high respiration rates during spring and low rates during summer and fall. Results from this study suggest that the parameters used to predict soil respiration in mesic ecosystems likely do not apply in cold-desert environments.

Keywords

Cold desert Regression tree Soil carbon Soil respiration 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daniel P. Fernandez
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Jason C. Neff
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Jayne Belnap
    • 4
  • Richard L. Reynolds
    • 2
  1. 1.Environmental StudiesUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA
  2. 2.U.S. Geological SurveyDenver Federal CenterDenverUSA
  3. 3.Geological Sciences and Environmental StudiesUniversity of Colorado at BoulderBoulderUSA
  4. 4.Southwest Biological Science Center, U.S. Geological SurveyMoabUSA

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