, Volume 25, Issue 4, pp 587–594 | Cite as

Internal loop photo-biodegradation reactor used for accelerated quinoline degradation and mineralization

  • Ling Chang
  • Yongming Zhang
  • Lu Gan
  • Hua Xu
  • Ning Yan
  • Rui Liu
  • Bruce E. Rittmann
Original Article


Biofilm biodegradation was coupled with ultra-violet photolysis using the internal loop photobiodegradation reactor for degradation of quinoline. Three protocols—photolysis alone (P), biodegradation alone (B), and intimately coupled photolysis and biodegradation (P&B)—were used for degradation of quinoline in batch and continuous-flow experiments. For a 1,000 mg/L initial quinoline concentration, the volumetric removal rate for quinoline was 38 % higher with P&B than with B in batch experiments, and the P&B kinetics were the sum of kinetics from the P and B experiments. Continuous-flow experiments with an influent quinoline concentration of 1,000 mg/L also gave significantly greater quinoline removal in P&B, and the quinoline-removal kinetics for P&B were approximately equal to the sum of the removal kinetics for P and B. P&B similarly increased the rate and extent of quinoline mineralization, for which the kinetics for P&B were nearly equal to the sum of kinetics for P and B. These findings support that the rate-limiting step for mineralization was transformation of quinoline, which was accelerated by the simultaneous action of photolysis and biodegradation.


Quinoline Biodegradation Photolysis Biofilm 



The authors acknowledge the financial support by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (50978164), Key project of basic research in Shanghai (11JC1409100), the Special Foundation of Chinese Colleges and Universities Doctoral Discipline (20113127110002), Special Fund of State Key Joint Laboratory of Environment Simulation and Pollution Control (13K09ESPCT), Open research funds from Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Science and Technology, Program of Shanghai Normal University (DZL123 and SK201336), and the United States National Science Foundation (0651794), National High Technology Research and Development Program 863(2013AA062705-1).


  1. Alinsafi A, Evenou F, Abdulkarim EM, Pons MN, Zahraa O, Benhammou A, Yaacoubi A, Nejmeddine A (2007) Treatment of textile industry wastewater by supported photocatalysis. Dyes Pigm 74(2):439–445CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. American Public Health Association (APHA) (2001) Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Wastewater, 22nd Edition USA, American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation, Washington DCGoogle Scholar
  3. Balcioglu IA, Arslan I (1998) Application of photocatalytic oxidation treatment to pretreated and raw effluents from the kraft bleaching process and textile industry. Environ Pollut 103(2–3):261–268CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Baran W, Sochacka J, Wardas W (2006) Toxicity and biodegradability of sulfonamides and products of their photocatalytic degradation in aqueous solutions. Chemosphere 65(8):1295–1299PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chen JW, Peijnenburg WJGM, Quan X, Yang FL (2000) Quantitative structure–property relationships for direct photolysis quantum yields of selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Sci Total Environ 246(1):11–20PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Fetzner S (1998) Bacterial degradation of pyridine, indole, quinoline, and their derivatives under different redox conditions. Applied Microbioogy and Biotechnology 49(3):237–250CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Fischer A, Weber S, Reineke AK (2010) Carbon and hydrogen isotope fractionation during anaerobic quinoline degradation. Chemosphere 81(3):400–407PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Jiao SJ, Zheng SR, Yin DQ, Wang LH, Chen LY (2008) Aqueous photolysis of tetracycline and toxicity of photolytic products to luminescent bacteria. Chemosphere 73(3):377–382PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kaiser JP, Feng YC, Bollag JM (1996) Microbial metabolism of pyridine, quinoline, acridine, and their derivatives under aerobic and anaerobic conditions. Microbiol Rev 60(3):483–498PubMedCentralPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Lin CL, Tang YL, Lin SM (2011) Efficient bioconversion of compaction to pravastatin by the quinoline-degrading microorganism Pseudonocardia carboxydivorans isolated from petroleum-contaminated soil. Bioresour Technol 102(22):10187–10193PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Liu Z, Kanjo Y, Mizutani S (2009) Removal mechanisms for endocrine disrupting compounds (EDCs) in wastewater treatment — physical means, biodegradation, and chemical advanced oxidation: a review. Sci Total Environ 407(2):731–748PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Marsolek MD, Torres CI, Hausner M, Rittmann BE (2008) Intimate Coupling of Photocatalysis and Biodegradation in a Photocatalytic Circulating-Bed Biofilm Reactor. Biotechnol Bioeng 101(1):83–92PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Neuwoehner J, Reineke AK, Hollender J, Eisentraeger A (2009) Ecotoxicity of quinoline and hydroxylated derivatives and their occurrence in groundwater of a tar-contaminated field site. Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 72(3):819–827PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Oller I, Malato S, Sánchez-Pérez JA, Maldonado MI, Gassó R (2007) Detoxification of wastewater containing five common pesticides by solar AOPs–biological coupled system. Catal Today 129(1–2):69–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. O’Loughlin EJ, Kehrmeyer SR, Sims GK (1996) Isolation, characterization, and substrate utilization of a quinoline-degrading bacterium. Int Biodeterior Biodegradation 38(2):107–118CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Qiao L, Wang J (2010) Biodegradation characteristics of quinoline by Pseudomonas putida. Bioresour Technol 101(19):7683–7686CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Reddy MP, Srinivas B, Kumari VD, Subrahmanyam M, Sharma PN (2004) An integrated approach of solar photocatalytic and biological treatment of N-containing organic compounds in wastewater. Toxicollgical and Environmental Chemistry 86(1–4):125–138Google Scholar
  18. Sagarika M, Nageswara RN, Pradnya K, Santosh NK (2005) A coupled photocatalytic-biological process for degradation of 1-amino-8-naphthol-3, 6-disulfonic acid (H-acid). Water Res 39(20):5064–5070CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Sun QH, Bai YH, Zhao C, Xiao YN, Wen DH, Tang XY (2009) Aerobic biodegradation characteristics and metabolic products of quinoline by a Pseudomonas strain. Bioresour Technol 100(21):5030–5036Google Scholar
  20. Wols BA, Hofman-Caris CHM (2012) Review of photochemical reaction constants of organic micropollutants required for UV advanced oxidation processes in water. Water Res 46(9):2815–2827PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Yan N, Xia S, Xu L, Zhu J, Zhang Y, Rittmann BE (2012) Internal loop photobiodegradation reactor (ILPBR) for accelerated degradation of sulfamethoxazole (SMX). Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 94(2):527–535PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Yan N, Chang L, Gan L, Zhang Y, Liu R, Rittmann BE (2013) UV photolysis for accelerated quinoline biodegradation and mineralization. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 97(24):10555–10561PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Zhang YM, Liu H, Shi W, Pu XJ, Zhang HS, Rittmann BE (2010a) Photobiodegradation of phenol with ultraviolet irradiation of new ceramic biofilm carriers. Biodegradation 21(6):881–887Google Scholar
  24. Zhang YM, Wang L, Rittmann BE (2010b) Integrated photocatalytic-biological reactor for accelerated phenol mineralization. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 86(6):1977–1985PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Zhu DZ (2007) Mechanism Studies on VUV-Degradation of N-heteroeyclie Organic Compounds. Doctor Dissertation Academie Degree Committee of Tongji UniversityGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ling Chang
    • 1
  • Yongming Zhang
    • 1
  • Lu Gan
    • 1
  • Hua Xu
    • 1
  • Ning Yan
    • 1
  • Rui Liu
    • 2
  • Bruce E. Rittmann
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental EngineeringCollege of Life and Environmental Science, Shanghai Normal UniversityShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Water Science and Technology, Department of Environmental Technology and EcologyYangtze Delta Region Institute of Tsinghua UniversityJiaxingPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.Swette Center for Environmental Biotechnology, Biodesign InstituteArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations