Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 28, Issue 14, pp 3695–3711 | Cite as

Impacts of bamboo spreading: a review

  • Sarah Tanganeli Buziquia
  • Paulo Victor Freitas Lopes
  • Aleska Kaufmann Almeida
  • Isabel Kaufmann de AlmeidaEmail author
Review Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Invasive species


Bamboo has been receiving increased attention as a renewable resource owing to its fast growth, economic value, widespread availability, and physical properties. However, environmental impacts of such intensive bamboo cultivation need to be assessed in order to avoid any negative consequences that could result from this plant’s invasive potential. In this study, we sought to evaluate the possible implications of bamboo growth in diverse ecosystems, as well as its relations with riparian zones and local hydrology. We reviewed studies that have focused on cultivation of bamboo in various areas where they are not always native. Furthermore, we have provided an objective compilation of studies that report possible effects and impacts that bamboo may have in local landscapes where it has been introduced or established. We conclude that, regardless of bamboo being native or exotic in a region, it can become invasive in some ecosystems, even when a bamboo species does not show spreading characteristics. Introduction of bamboo in a new area needs preliminary studies to avoid the species that may become invasive and to minimize the risk of suppression of different stages of ecological succession in local vegetation and of the changes in the forest structure and diversity.


Local vegetation Diversity Invasive character Native plant Exotic plant 



The authors are grateful to the Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior—CAPES, to the Programa de Apoio à Pós-graduação—PROAP and to the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul—UFMS for their support in the development of this work.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors have no competing interests to declare.


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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sarah Tanganeli Buziquia
    • 1
  • Paulo Victor Freitas Lopes
    • 1
  • Aleska Kaufmann Almeida
    • 1
  • Isabel Kaufmann de Almeida
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Faculty of Engineering, Architecture and Urbanism and GeographyFederal University of Mato Grosso do SulCampo GrandeBrazil

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