Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 1629–1646 | Cite as

Habitat conservation banking trends in the United States

  • Jagdish PoudelEmail author
  • Daowei Zhang
  • Benjamin Simon
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biodiversity protection and reserves


Habitat conservation banking is often identified as a policy instrument for conserving endangered species on private lands in the United States. In this paper, we analyze the trends and the characteristics of habitat conservation bank credit supply and demand. We find 137 conservation banks conserving some 153,000 acres of land. About 66% of conservation credits were sold by private companies and credit price ranges between $1505 and $205,055 per credit in constant 2015 dollars. We observe that large urban areas have relatively high demand for conservation credits and that habitat conservation banking has become a business.


Endangered Species Act Habitat conservation banking Market based policy instrument Conservation credit price Conservation credit supply Demand 



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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest Economics and Policy, School of Forestry and Wildlife SciencesAuburn UniversityAuburnUSA
  2. 2.Climate Change and Resilience, Forestry DepartmentFAORomeItaly
  3. 3.Office of Policy AnalysisU.S. Department of the InteriorWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Forest Resources DivisionMichigan Department of Natural ResourcesLansingUSA
  5. 5.Department of ForestryMichigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA

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