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Twenty years after Jaffré et al. (1998), is the system of protected areas now adequate in New Caledonia?

  • Thomas Ibanez
  • Philippe Birnbaum
  • Gildas Gâteblé
  • Vanessa Hequet
  • Sandrine Isnard
  • Jérôme Munzinger
  • Yohan Pillon
  • Robin Pouteau
  • Hervé Vandrot
  • Tanguy Jaffré
Commentary
  • 58 Downloads
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biodiversity protection and reserves

Abstract

Protected areas are the cornerstone on which conservation strategies are often built. Adapting systems of protected areas to rapid global changes is critical to meet the challenge of conservation in biodiversity hotspots. Twenty years ago, Jaffré et al. (Biodivers Conserv 7:109–135, 1998) warned that the system of protected areas in the global biodiversity hotspot of New Caledonia was not adequate to conserve the threatened plant species. Here, we examine changes in major threats to the New Caledonian flora and whether the system of protected areas has been improved to address these threats. While some improvements have been made, many key shortcomings identified by Jaffré et al. (Biodivers Conserv 7:109–135, 1998) have not been addressed and the majority of threatened species remain outside protected area. During the same time, thousands of hectares of vegetation have burned outside and inside protected areas, a hundred new mining concessions were issued and the rate of nickel mining has doubled. Better protection of remaining natural vegetation on ultramafic substrates, which are severely impacted by both mining activities and fires, is urgently needed. Further convergence between research and conservation actions is needed to tackle increasing threats to the unique New Caledonian flora.

Keywords

Biodiversity hotspot Climate change Conservation Fires Mining Protected areas 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We thank Laure Barrabé, Thomas Gillespie, Gunnar Keppel and two anonymous reviewers for helpful comments on the manuscript. We are also grateful to the New Caledonian Red List Authority for providing information on threatened species.

Supplementary material

10531_2018_1659_MOESM1_ESM.docx (413 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 412 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Thomas Ibanez
    • 1
    • 2
    • 8
  • Philippe Birnbaum
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Gildas Gâteblé
    • 4
  • Vanessa Hequet
    • 2
    • 5
  • Sandrine Isnard
    • 2
    • 5
  • Jérôme Munzinger
    • 2
  • Yohan Pillon
    • 6
  • Robin Pouteau
    • 1
    • 2
    • 7
  • Hervé Vandrot
    • 1
    • 2
  • Tanguy Jaffré
    • 2
    • 5
  1. 1.Institut Agronomique néo-Calédonien (IAC)NouméaFrance
  2. 2.AMAP, CIRAD, CNRS, INRA, IRD, Univ MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  3. 3.CIRAD, UMR AMAPNouméaFrance
  4. 4.Institut Agronomique néo-Calédonien (IAC)Mont-DoreFrance
  5. 5.AMAP, IRD, Herbierde NouméaNouméaFrance
  6. 6.LSTM, IRD, INRA, CIRAD, Montpellier Supagro, Univ MontpellierMontpellierFrance
  7. 7.Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Plant Evolutionary Ecology and ConservationTaizhou UniversityTaizhouPeople’s Republic of China
  8. 8.Department of BiologyUniversity of Hawaiˊi at HiloHiloUSA

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