Beavers promote calicioid diversity in boreal forest landscapes
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- Vehkaoja, M., Nummi, P. & Rikkinen, J. Biodivers Conserv (2017) 26: 579. doi:10.1007/s10531-016-1259-7
Beavers are ecosystem engineers that modify and maintain a range of special habitat types in boreal forests. They also produce large quantities of deadwood that provide substrate for many lignicolous organisms such as calicioid fungi (Ascomycota). We studied how calicioid diversity differed between boreal riparian forests with and without beaver activity. The results show that calicioid diversity were significantly higher at beaver sites compared to the other two forest site types studied. The large quantity and diverse forms of deadwood produced by beavers clearly promotes calicioid diversity in the boreal landscape. The specific lighting and humidity conditions within beaver wetlands could be the reason why they promote the success of certain calicioid species.
KeywordsDeadwood Flood Pin lichen Riparian forest Snag
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