Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 26, Issue 2, pp 329–351 | Cite as

The road to 2020 targets and the learnings from the emblematic South American plant genus Nassauvia (Asteraceae)

  • Mariana A. Grossi
  • David Draper
  • María José Apodaca
  • Maira S. Vitali
  • Luciano Pataro
  • Liliana Katinas
  • Juan Carlos Moreno Saiz
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Biodiversity Conservation and Reserves


The elaboration of a comprehensive database about the distribution of the South American genus Nassauvia has allowed investigate its conservation biogeography. The combined use of historical (Dispersal Vicariance Analysis) and ecological (UPGMA) biogeographical approaches has led to detecting past, present and future critical areas in the evolution and persistence of the genus. According to the size of distribution areas, number of locations, environmental niche models, and predicted shifts of these spatial characteristics following the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change forecasts for the next decade, it has been possible to award the level of global and national risk for all species of the genus and assign their corresponding IUCN categories. Severe gaps in legal and in situ conservation policies have been detected within the region, making it urgent the adoption of measures aimed at preventing the extinction of the most endangered species. We identify a future dramatic loss of Nassauvia species in the Andes and conversely a species increase in Patagonia. Patagonia has emerged as the cradle of the genus and could be its refuge in the future according the predictions targeted by climate change.


Dispersal Vicariance Analysis UPGMA Environmental Niche Models Red listing Gap Analysis 



Our gratitude to the curators of revised herbaria. We are indebted to Andrés Moreira Muñoz for providing some localities and clarifying doubts in georeferencing Chilean records. Stephan Beck, Isabel Loza-Rivera, Manuel Macía and Santos Casado kindly shared their information on protected areas in the study region. Rebecca Upson resolved our doubts concerning plant conservation on the Malvinas/Falkland islands and the current status of Nassauvia falklandica. We sincerely thank to the reviewers for their valuable comments in improving the quality and presentation of this paper. MAG, MJA, MV and LK acknowledge the support of Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (ANPCyT), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET), and Universidad Nacional de La Plata (UNLP). DD is supported by postdoctoral fellowship (SFRH/BPD/100384/2014) of the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT). LP and JCMS acknowledge the support of Dirección General de Investigación Científica y Técnica, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad (Project CGL2013-48768-P).

Supplementary material

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Supplementary material 1 (PDF 534 kb)
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Supplementary material 6 (DOC 12 kb)


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mariana A. Grossi
    • 1
  • David Draper
    • 2
    • 3
  • María José Apodaca
    • 1
  • Maira S. Vitali
    • 1
  • Luciano Pataro
    • 4
  • Liliana Katinas
    • 1
  • Juan Carlos Moreno Saiz
    • 4
  1. 1.División Plantas VascularesMuseo de La PlataLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Centre for Ecology, Evolution and Environmental Changes, NHS, Faculdade de Ciências de LisboaUniversidade de LisboaLisboaPortugal
  3. 3.UBC Botanical Garden Centre for Plant Research, and Department of BotanyUniversity of British ColumbiaVancouverCanada
  4. 4.Departamento de Biología (Botánica)Universidad Autónoma de MadridMadridSpain

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