Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 569–585 | Cite as

Application of the Red List Index as an indicator of habitat change

  • Aino Juslén
  • Juha Pykälä
  • Saija Kuusela
  • Lauri Kaila
  • Jaakko Kullberg
  • Jaakko Mattila
  • Jyrki Muona
  • Sanna Saari
  • Pedro Cardoso
Original Paper


For the first time ever, the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List Index for habitat types was calculated for an entire country, Finland. The RLIs were based on species threat assessments from 2000 and 2010 and included habitat definitions for all 10,131 species of 12 organism groups. The RLIs were bootstrapped to track statistically significant changes. The RLI changes of species grouped by habitats were negative for all habitat types except for forests and rural biotopes which showed a stable trend. Trends of beetles and true bugs were positive in rural and forest habitats. Other 16 observed trends of species group and habitat combinations were negative. Several trends observed were in accordance with studies focusing on particular taxa and habitats, and drivers for their change. This study demonstrates the usefulness of the RLI as a tool for observing habitat change based on species threat assessment data.


Biodiversity indicator Biodiversity loss Habitat Finland RLI Threatened species 

Supplementary material

10531_2016_1075_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (452 kb)
Supplementary material Appendix 1 The species included in the study, their main habitats and the IUCN threat classification in 2000 (backcasted) and 2010
10531_2016_1075_MOESM2_ESM.pdf (231 kb)
Supplementary material Appendix 2 RLI values for all combinations of taxonomic groups and habitat types (Appendix) are available online. The authors are solely responsible for the content and functionality of these materials. Queries (other than absence of the material) should be directed to the corresponding author


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Aino Juslén
    • 1
  • Juha Pykälä
    • 2
  • Saija Kuusela
    • 2
  • Lauri Kaila
    • 1
  • Jaakko Kullberg
    • 1
  • Jaakko Mattila
    • 1
  • Jyrki Muona
    • 1
  • Sanna Saari
    • 1
  • Pedro Cardoso
    • 1
  1. 1.Finnish Museum of Natural HistoryUniversity of HelsinkiHelsinkiFinland
  2. 2.Finnish Environment InstituteHelsinkiFinland

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