Advertisement

Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 25, Issue 2, pp 345–356 | Cite as

Informing conservation by identifying range shift patterns across breeding habitats and migration strategies

  • Torre J. Hovick
  • Brady W. Allred
  • Devan A. McGranahan
  • Michael W. Palmer
  • R. Dwayne Elmore
  • Samuel D. Fuhlendorf
Original Paper

Abstract

A species distribution combines the resources and climatic tolerances that allow an individual or population to persist. As these conditions change, one mechanism to maintain favorable resources is for an organism to shift its range. Much of the research examining range shifts has focused on dynamic distribution boundaries wheras the role of species breeding habitat or migration strategies on shift tendencies has received less attention. We expand on previous research by using a large suite of avian species (i.e., 277), analyzing observed abundance-weighted average latitudes, and categorizing species by breeding environment and migration strategy. We used the North American Breeding Bird Survey dataset to address two questions: (1) Has the center of observed abundance for individual species shifted latitudinally? (2) Is there a relationship between migration strategy or breeding habitat and range shifts? Results indicate the majority of species have experienced poleward range shifts over the last 43 years, and birds breeding in all habitat showed trends of poleward shift but only those species breeding in scrub-shrub and grassland environments were different from zero. Additionally, species that are short distance migrants are experiencing significant poleward shifts while Neotropical and permanent residents had shifts that were not different from zero. Our findings do support the general trend expected from climate driven changes (i.e., > 52 % shifting poleward), however, the proportion of species exhibiting equatorial shifts (24 %) or no significant shifts (23 %) illustrates the complex interplay between land cover, climate, species interactions, and other forces that can interact to influence breeding ranges over time. Regardless of the mechanisms driving range shifts, our findings emphasize the need for connecting and expanding habitats for those species experiencing range shifts. This research describes the patterns of breeding birds through central North America and we encourage future research to focus on the mechanisms driving these patterns.

Keywords

Breeding Bird Survey Climate change Global environmental change Great Plains Latitudinal shift Migration 

Notes

Acknowledgments

This work was supported by funding from USDA-AFRI Managed Ecosystems Grant #2010-85101-20457 and by the Oklahoma and North Dakota Agricultural Experiment Stations.

Supplementary material

10531_2016_1053_MOESM1_ESM.txt (6 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (TXT 5 kb)
10531_2016_1053_MOESM2_ESM.txt (125 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (TXT 124 kb)

References

  1. Albright TP, Pidgeon AM, Rittenhouse CD, Clayton MK, Flather CH, Culbert PD, Wardlow BD, Radeloff VC (2010) Effects of drought on avian community structure. Glob Change Biol 16:2158–2170CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Angert AL, Crozier LG, Rissler LJ, Gilman SE, Tewskbury JJ, Chunco AJ (2011) Do species’ traits predict recent shifts at expanding range edges? Ecol Lett 14:677–689CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Archaux F (2004) Breeding upwards when climate is becoming warmer: no bird response in the French Alps. Ibis 146:138–144CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bertin RI (2008) Plant phenology and distribution in relation to recent climate change. J Torrey Bot Soc. 135:126–146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Both C, Visser ME (2001) Adjustment to climate change is constrained by arrival date in a long-distance migrant bird. Nature 411:296–298CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Brennan LA, Kuvlesky WP Jr (2005) North American grassland birds: and unfolding conservation crisis. J Wildl Manag 69:1–13CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Chen I-C, Hill JK, Ohlemüller R, Roy DB, Thomas CD (2011) Rapid range shifts of species associated with high levels of climate warming. Science 333:1024–1026CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  8. Crimmins SM, Dobrowski SZ, Greenberg JA, Abatzoglou JT, Mynsberge AR (2011) Changes in climatic water balnace drive downhill shifts in plact species' optimum elevations. Science 331:324–337Google Scholar
  9. Crozier L (2004) Warmer winters drive butterfly range expansion by increasing survivorship. Ecology 85:231–241CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Crumpacker DW, Box EO, Hardin ED (2001) Implications of climactic warming for conservation of native trees and shrubs in Florida. Conserv Biol 15:1008–1020CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Davis MB, Shaw RG (2001) Range shifts and adaptive responses to quaternary climate change. Science 292:673–679CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. Davis AJ, Jenkinson LS, Lawton JH, Shorrocks B, Wood S (1998) Making mistakes when predicting shifts in species range in response to global warming. Nature 391:783–786CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. DesGranges J-L, Morneau F (2010) Potential sensitivity of Quebec’s breeding birds to climate change. Avian Conserv Ecol.5:5. http://www.ace-eco.org/vol5/iss2/art5/
  14. Doherty PF Jr, Boulinier T, Nichols JD (2003) Local extinction and turnover rates at the edge and interior of species ranges. Annal Zool Fenn 40:145–153Google Scholar
  15. Fuhlendorf SD, Harrell WC, Engle DM, Hamilton RG, Davis CA, Leslie DM Jr (2006) Should heterogeneity be the basis for conservation? Grassland bird response to fire and grazing. Ecol Appl 16:1706–1716CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Gasner MR, Jankowski JE, Ciecka AL, Kyle KO, Rabenold KN (2010) Projecting the local impacts of climate change on a Central American montane avian community. Biol Conserv 143:1250–1258CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Grabherr G, Goofried M, Gruber A, Pauli H (1995) Patterns and current changes in alpine plant diversity. In: Chapin FS, Korner C (eds) Arctic and alpine biodiversity. Springer, Berlin, pp 167–181Google Scholar
  18. Gutzwiller KJ, Barrow WC, White JD, Johnson-Randall L, Cade BS, Zygo LM (2010) Assessing conservation relevance of organism-environment relations using predicted changes in response variables. Methods in Ecol Evol 1:351–358CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Harrington R, Woiwood I, Sparks T (1999) Climate change and trophic interactions. Trends Ecol Evol 14:146–149CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Hickling R, Roy DB, Hill JK, Fox R, Thomas CD (2006) The distribution of a wide range of taxonomic groups are expanding polewards. Glob Change Biol 12:450–455CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hitch AT, Leberg PL (2006) Breeding distributions of North American bird species moving north as a result of climate change. Conserv Biol 21:534–539CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Hoffman AA, Parsons PA (1997) Extreme environmental change and evolution. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  23. Hughes L (2000) Biological consequences of global warming: is the signal already apparent? Trends Ecol Evol 15:56–61CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  24. Kampichler C, van Turnout CAM, Devictor V, van de Jeugd HP (2012) Large-scale changes in community composition: determining land use and climate change signals. PLoS ONE 7:e35272. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035272 PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Kelly AE, Goulden ML (2008) Rapid shifts in plant distribution with recent climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 105:11283–11826Google Scholar
  26. Knopf FL (1994) Avian assemblages on altered grasslands. Stud Avian Biol 15:247–257Google Scholar
  27. Kujala H, Vepsalainen V, Zuckerberg B, Brommer JE (2013) Range margin shifts of birds revisited – the role of spatiotemporally varying survey effort. Glob Change Biol 19:420–430CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. La Sorte FA, Jetz W (2010) Projected range contractions of montane biodiversity under global warming. Proc R Soc B 277:3401–3410PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. La Sorte FA, Jetz W (2012) Tracking of climatic niche boundaries under recent climate change. J Anim Ecol 81:914–925CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  30. La Sorte FA, Thompson FR III (2007) Poleward shifts in winter ranges of North American birds. Ecology 88:1803–1812CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  31. Lawler JJ, Ruesch AS, Olden JD, McRae BH (2013) Projected climate-driven faunal movement routes. Ecol Lett. doi: 10.1111/ele.12132 PubMedGoogle Scholar
  32. Lehikoinen A, Virkkala R (2015) North by north-west: climate change and directions of density shifts in birds. Glob Change Biol. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13150 Google Scholar
  33. Lenoir J, Gégout J-C, Guisan A, Vittoz P, Wohlgemuth T, Zimmerman NE et al (2010) Going against the flow: potential mechanisms for unexpected downslope range shifts in a warming climate. Ecography 33:295–303Google Scholar
  34. Matthews S, O’Connor R, Iverson LR, Prasad AM (2004) Atlas of climate change effects in 150 bird species of the Eastern United States. GTR-NE-318. USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station. Newtown Square, PA. 340 pp. http://www.fs.fed.us/ne/newtown_square/publications/technical_reports/pdfs/2004/gtr318/ne_gtr318.pdf. Accessed 24 June 2013)
  35. McCarty JP (2001) Ecological consequences of recent climate change. Conserv Biol 15:320–331CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Morris BD, White EP (2012) The EcoData Retriever. http://ecologicaldata.org/ecodata-retriever
  37. Parmesan C, Yohe G (2003) A globally coherent fingerprint of climate change impacts across natural systems. Nature 421:37–42CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Parmesan C, Ryrholm N, Stefanescu C, Hill JK, Thomas CD, Descimon H, Huntley B, Kaila L, Kullberg J, Tammaru T, Tennent WJ, Thomas JA, Warren M (1999) Poleward shifts in geographical ranges of butterfly species associated with regional warming. Nature 399:579–583CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Parmesan C, Gaines S, Gonzalez L, Kaufman DM, Kingsolver J, Townsend PA, Sagarin R (2005) Empirical perspectives on species borders: from traditional biogeography to global change. Oikos 108:58–75CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Peterson AT (2003) Subtle recent distributional shifts in Great Plains bird species. Southwest Nat 48:289–292CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. R Core Team (2014) R: a language and environment for statistical computing. R Foundation for Statistical Computing, Vienna, Austria. http://www.R-project.org/
  42. Rittenhouse CD, Pidgeon AM, Albright TP, Culbert PD, Clayton MK, Flather CH, Masek JG, Radeloff VC (2012) Land-cover change and avian diversity in the conterminous United States. Conserv Biol 26:821–829CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Roy K, Jablonski D, Kaustuv R, Valentine JW (2001) Climate change, species range limits and body size in marine bivalves. Ecol Lett 4:366–370CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Stocker TF, Qin D, Platner G-K, Alexander LV, Allen SK et al. (2013) Climate change 2013: the physical science basis. Contributions of working group I to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climat change [Stocker TF, Qin D, Plattner G-K, Tignor M, Allen SK, Boschung J, Nauels A, Xia Y, Bex V, Midgely PM (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  45. Svenning JC, Normand S, Skov F (2008) Postglacial dispersal limitation of widespread fores plant species in nemoral Europe. Ecography 31:316–326CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Tayleur C, Caplat P, Massimino D, Johnston A, Jonzén N, Smith HG, Lindström Á (2015) Swedish birds are tracking temperature but not rainfall: evidence from a decade of abundance changes. Global Ecol Biogeogr 24:859–872Google Scholar
  47. Thomas CD, Lennon JL (1999) Birds extend their ranges northward. Nature 399:213CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Thomas DW, Blondel J, Perret P, Lambrechts MM, Speakman JR (2001) Energetic and fitness costs of mismatching resource supply and demand in seasonally breeding birds. Science 291:2598–2600CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  49. Tingley MW, Monahan WB, Beissinger SR, Moritz C (2009) Birds track their Grinnellian niche through a century of climate change. Proc Natl Acad Sci 106:19637–19643PubMedCentralCrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  50. Tingley MW, Koo MS, Moritz C, Rush AC, Beissinger SR (2012) The push and pull of climate change causes heterogeneous shifts in avian elevational ranges. Glob Change Biol 18:3279–3290CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. VanDerWal J, Murphy HT, Kutt AS, Perkins GC, Bateman BL, Perry JJ, Reside AE (2012) Focus on poleward shifts in species’ distribution underestimates the fingerprint of climate change. Nat Clim Change 3(239):243Google Scholar
  52. Veneir LA, McKenney DW, Wang Y, McKee J (1999) Models of large-scale breeding-bird distribution as a function of macro-climate in Ontario, Canada. J Biogeogr 26:315–328CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Warren MS, Hill JK, Thomas JA, Asher J, Fox R, Huntley B et al (2001) Rapid responses of British butterflies to opposing forces of climate and habitat change. Nature 414:65–69CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  54. Ziolowksi D Jr, Pardieck K, Sauer JR (2010) On the road again for a bird survey that counts. Birding 42:32–40Google Scholar
  55. Zuckerburg B, Woods AM, Porter WF (2009) Poleward shifts in breeding bird distributions in New York state. Glob Change Biol 15:1866–1883CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Torre J. Hovick
    • 1
  • Brady W. Allred
    • 2
  • Devan A. McGranahan
    • 1
  • Michael W. Palmer
    • 3
  • R. Dwayne Elmore
    • 4
  • Samuel D. Fuhlendorf
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Natural Resource Sciences-Range ProgramNorth Dakota State UniversityFargoUSA
  2. 2.College of Forestry and ConservationThe University of MontanaMissoulaUSA
  3. 3.Department of BotanyOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA
  4. 4.Department of Natural Resource Ecology and ManagementOklahoma State UniversityStillwaterUSA

Personalised recommendations