Does neighbourhood tree diversity affect the crown arthropod community in saplings?
- 345 Downloads
Mixed forest with multiple tree species is expected to create heterogeneous habitat and diverse niches for the canopy arthropod community. We assessed arthropod abundance, order richness, and community composition in the crowns of saplings of nine temperate tree species in two plantations of a recently established tree diversity experiment in Belgium, and looked for relationships with the diversity and structure of the sapling’s local neighbourhood. The crown arthropod community differed between the two study sites, both in terms of abundances and composition. More arthropods were found in the post-agricultural site; the arthropod community was more complex in the formerly forested site. The tree species identity of a sapling, its apparency, and the phylogenetic diversity of its local neighbourhood all affected the crown arthropod community. Our study suggests that mixing phylogenetically distant tree species creates niches for a complex crown arthropod community.
KeywordsFORBIO Biodiversity–ecosystem functioning Temperate forest Plantation Mixed forest
The authors thank Luc Willems for the help on assembling the aspirator. The helpful comments from the editor Nigel Stork and the two anonymous reviewers are greatly acknowledged. The paper was written while NNS was funded by LOTUS Erasmus Mundus Action 2, MV and LB were funded as Postdoctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen, PDS and WP were funded as Doctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen.
The paper was written while NNS was funded by LOTUS Erasmus Mundus Action 2, MV and LB were funded as Postdoctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen, PDS and WP were funded as Doctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen.
Compliance with ethical standards
Conflict of interest
The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
- Basset Y, Novotny V, Miller SE, Kitching RL (2008) Canopy entomology, an expanding field of natural science. In: Basset Y, Novotny V, Miller SE, Kitching RL (eds) Arthropods tropical forest spatial dynamics resources use canopy. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp 4–6Google Scholar
- Berry ME, Bock CE (1998) Effects of habitat and landscape characteristics on avian breeding distributions in Colorado foothills shrub. Southwest Nat 43:453–461Google Scholar
- Chinery M (2012) Nieuwe insectengids. Tirion Uitgevers, UtrechtGoogle Scholar
- Dobson AJ (2002) An introduction to generalized linear modelsGoogle Scholar
- Hopkin SP (2007) A key to the Collembola (Springtails) of Britain and Ireland. Field Studies CouncilGoogle Scholar
- Jactel H, Brockerhoff EG, Duelli P (2005) A test of the biodiversity–stability theory: meta-analysis of tree species diversity effects on insect pest infestations, and re-examination of responsible factors. In: Scherer-Lorenzen M, Körner C, Schulze E-D (eds) Forest divers functional template boreal system. Springer, Heidelberg, pp 235–262CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Kirk WDJ (1996) Thrips. Richmond PublishingGoogle Scholar
- Majer JD (1987) The conservation and study of invertebrates in remnants of native vegetation. In: Saunders DA, Arnold GW, Burbridge AA, Hopkins AJM (eds) Nature conservation. role remnants native vegetation. Surrey Beatty and Sons, Sydney, pp 333–335Google Scholar
- Maleque MA, Maleque MA, Ishii HT et al (2006) The use of arthropods as indicators of ecosystem integrity in forest management. J For 104:113–117Google Scholar
- Moran VC, Southwood TRE (1982) The guild composition of arthropod communities in trees. J Anim Ecol 289–306Google Scholar
- Oosterbroek P (2006) The European Families of the Diptera: Identification, diagnosis, biology, 2nd edn. Brill Academic PubGoogle Scholar
- Ozanne CM (1999) A comparison of the canopy arthropod communities of coniferous and broad-leaved trees in the United Kingdom. Selbyana 20:290–298Google Scholar
- R Core Team (2014) A language and environment for statistical computingGoogle Scholar
- Schowalter TD, Zhang Y (2005) Canopy arthropod assemblages in four overstory and three understory plant species in a mixed-conifer old-growth forest in California. For Sci 51:233–242Google Scholar
- Schowalter TD, Stafford SG, Slagle RL (1988) Arboreal arthropod community structure in an early successional coniferous forest ecosystem in western Oregon. Gt Basin Nat 48:327–333Google Scholar
- Sobek S, Scherber C, Steffan-Dewenter I, Tscharntke T (2009b) Sapling herbivory, invertebrate herbivores and predators across a natural tree diversity gradient in Germany’s largest connected deciduous forest. Oecologia 160:279–288. doi: 10.1007/s00442-009-1304-2 PubMedPubMedCentralCrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Uetz G (1991) Habitat structure and spider foraging. In: Bell SS, McCoy ED, Mushinsky HR (eds) Habitat structural physics arrange object species. Springer, Dordrecht, pp 325–348Google Scholar
- Wheeler AG (2001) Biology of the plant bugs (Hemiptera: Miridae), first edit. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
- Wickham H (2009) ggplot2: elegant graphics for data analysis. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-98141-3
- Zuur AF, Ieno EN, Walker N, et al. (2009) Mixed effects models and extensions in ecology with R. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-87458-6