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Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 169–185 | Cite as

Does neighbourhood tree diversity affect the crown arthropod community in saplings?

  • Nuri Nurlaila SetiawanEmail author
  • Margot Vanhellemont
  • Lander Baeten
  • Ritchie Gobin
  • Pallieter De Smedt
  • Willem Proesmans
  • Evy Ampoorter
  • Kris Verheyen
Original Paper

Abstract

Mixed forest with multiple tree species is expected to create heterogeneous habitat and diverse niches for the canopy arthropod community. We assessed arthropod abundance, order richness, and community composition in the crowns of saplings of nine temperate tree species in two plantations of a recently established tree diversity experiment in Belgium, and looked for relationships with the diversity and structure of the sapling’s local neighbourhood. The crown arthropod community differed between the two study sites, both in terms of abundances and composition. More arthropods were found in the post-agricultural site; the arthropod community was more complex in the formerly forested site. The tree species identity of a sapling, its apparency, and the phylogenetic diversity of its local neighbourhood all affected the crown arthropod community. Our study suggests that mixing phylogenetically distant tree species creates niches for a complex crown arthropod community.

Keywords

FORBIO Biodiversity–ecosystem functioning Temperate forest Plantation Mixed forest 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors thank Luc Willems for the help on assembling the aspirator. The helpful comments from the editor Nigel Stork and the two anonymous reviewers are greatly acknowledged. The paper was written while NNS was funded by LOTUS Erasmus Mundus Action 2, MV and LB were funded as Postdoctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen, PDS and WP were funded as Doctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen.

Funding

The paper was written while NNS was funded by LOTUS Erasmus Mundus Action 2, MV and LB were funded as Postdoctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen, PDS and WP were funded as Doctoral Fellows of FWO-Vlaanderen.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

10531_2015_1044_MOESM1_ESM.docx (245 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOCX 245 kb)

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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Forest and Nature Lab, Department of Forest and Water ManagementGhent UniversityGontrodeBelgium

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