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Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 23, Issue 10, pp 2613–2635 | Cite as

Biodiversity and ecosystem services: lessons from nature to improve management of planted forests for REDD-plus

  • Ian D. Thompson
  • Kimiko Okabe
  • John A. Parrotta
  • Eckehard Brockerhoff
  • Hervé Jactel
  • David I. Forrester
  • Hisatomo Taki
Review Paper

Abstract

Planted forests are increasingly contributing wood products and other ecosystem services at a global scale. These forests will be even more important as carbon markets develop and REDD-plus forest programs (forests used specifically to reduce atmospheric emissions of CO2 through deforestation and forest degradation) become common. Restoring degraded and deforested areas with long-rotation planted forests can be accomplished in a manner that enhances carbon storage and other key ecosystem services. Knowledge from natural systems and understanding the functioning novel of ecosystems can be instructive for planning and restoring future forests. Here we summarize information pertaining to the mechanisms by which biodiversity functions to provide ecosystem services including: production, pest control, pollination, resilience, nutrient cycling, seed dispersal, and water quality and quantity and suggest options to improve planted forest management, especially for REDD-plus.

Keywords

Biodiversity REDD-plus Ecosystem services Planted forest Forest management Plantation 

Notes

Acknowledgments

Support for this paper was provided in part by the International Union of Forest Research Organisations (IUFRO) Task Force 24 on ‘Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services’ and the IUFRO 'Global Forest Expert Panel'. The participation of Kimiko Okabe and Hisatomo Taki was by the The Japan Environment Research and Technology Development Fund S9.

Supplementary material

10531_2014_736_MOESM1_ESM.doc (38 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (DOC 37 kb)

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Copyright information

© Her Majesty the Queen in Right of Canada 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ian D. Thompson
    • 1
  • Kimiko Okabe
    • 2
  • John A. Parrotta
    • 3
  • Eckehard Brockerhoff
    • 4
  • Hervé Jactel
    • 5
    • 6
  • David I. Forrester
    • 7
  • Hisatomo Taki
    • 2
  1. 1.Canadian Forest ServiceSault Ste. MarieCanada
  2. 2.Forest and Forest Products Research InstituteTsukubaJapan
  3. 3.US Forest Service, Research and DevelopmentWashingtonUSA
  4. 4.Scion (New Zealand Forest Research Institute)ChristchurchNew Zealand
  5. 5.BIOGECOINRACestasFrance
  6. 6.UMR1202, BIOGECOUniversity of BordeauxTalenceFrance
  7. 7.Faculty of Environment and Natural ResourcesFreiburg UniversityFreiburgGermany

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