Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 20, Issue 14, pp 3549–3553 | Cite as

Predation by zooplankton on Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis: biological control of the deadly amphibian chytrid fungus?

  • Julia C. Buck
  • Lisa Truong
  • Andrew R. Blaustein
Brief Communication

Abstract

Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis (hereafter Batrachochytrium), a fungal pathogen of amphibians, causes the disease chytridiomycosis which is responsible for unprecedented population declines and extinctions globally. Host defenses against chytridiomycosis include cutaneous symbiotic bacteria and anti-microbial peptides, and proposed treatment measures include use of fungicides and bioaugmentation. Efforts to eradicate the fungus from localized areas of disease outbreak have not been successful. Instead, control measures to mitigate the impacts of the disease on host populations, many of which are already persisting with Batrachochytrium in an endemic state, may be more realistic. The infective stage of the fungus is an aquatic zoospore, 3–5 μm in diameter. Here we show that zoospores of Batrachochytrium are consumed by the zooplankter Daphnia magna. This species inhabits amphibian breeding sites where Batrachochytrium transmission occurs, and consumption of Batrachochytrium zoospores may lead to effective biological control of Batrachochytrium.

Keywords

Amphibian chytrid fungus Batrachochytrium dendrobatidis Biological control Daphnia magna Zooplankton 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julia C. Buck
    • 1
  • Lisa Truong
    • 2
  • Andrew R. Blaustein
    • 1
  1. 1.Zoology DepartmentOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA
  2. 2.Environmental and Molecular Toxicology DepartmentOregon State UniversityCorvallisUSA

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