Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 19, Issue 10, pp 2963–2977 | Cite as

Changing conservation strategies in Europe: a framework integrating ecosystem services and dynamics

  • John R. Haslett
  • Pam M. Berry
  • Györgyi Bela
  • Rob H. G. Jongman
  • György Pataki
  • Michael J. Samways
  • Martin Zobel
Original Paper


Protecting species and their habitats through the designation and management of protected areas is central to present biodiversity conservation efforts in Europe. Recent awareness of the importance of ecosystem dynamics in changing environments and of human needs for the sustainable provision of ecosystem services expose potential weaknesses in current European conservation management strategies and policy. Here we examine these issues in the light of information gained from reviews, workshops, interviews and discussions undertaken within the RUBICODE project. We present a new conceptual framework that joins conventional biodiversity conservation with new requirements. The framework links cultural and aesthetic values applied in a static environment to the demands of dynamic ecosystems and societal needs within social–ecological systems in a changing Europe. We employ this framework to propose innovative ways in which ecosystem service provision may be used to add value to traditional conservation approaches by supporting and complementing present European biodiversity conservation strategy and policy while remaining within the guidelines of the Convention on Biological Diversity.


Biodiversity conservation Ecosystem services Habitat management Policy-science interface Protected area networks social–ecological systems 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • John R. Haslett
    • 1
  • Pam M. Berry
    • 2
  • Györgyi Bela
    • 3
  • Rob H. G. Jongman
    • 4
  • György Pataki
    • 3
  • Michael J. Samways
    • 5
  • Martin Zobel
    • 6
  1. 1.Department of Organismal Biology, Division of Zoology and Functional AnatomyUniversity of SalzburgSalzburgAustria
  2. 2.Environmental Change InstituteOxford University Centre for the EnvironmentOxfordUK
  3. 3.Environmental Social Science Research Group (ESSRG), Department of Environmental EconomicsSzent István UniversityGödöllőHungary
  4. 4.Alterra, Wageningen University and Research CentreWageningenThe Netherlands
  5. 5.Department of Conservation Ecology and Entomology, and Centre for Agricultural Biodiversity, Faculty of AgrisciencesUniversity of StellenboschStellenboschSouth Africa
  6. 6.Institute of Ecology and Earth SciencesUniversity of TartuTartuEstonia

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