Biodiversity and Conservation

, 18:3441

The potential of certification for conservation and management of wild MAP resources

  • Rajasri Bhattacharyya
  • Aparna Asokan
  • Prodyut Bhattacharya
  • Ram Prasad
Original Paper

Abstract

Medicinal and aromatic plants (MAPs) are an integral part of our biodiversity. In majority of MAP rich countries, wild collection practices are the livelihood options for a large number of rural peoples and MAPs play a significant role in socio-economic development of their communities. Recent concern over the alarming situation of the status of wild MAP resources, raw material quality, as well as social exploitation of rural communities, leads to the idea of certification for MAP resource conservation and management. On one hand, while MAP certification addresses environmental, social and economic perspectives of MAP resources, on the other hand, it ensures multi-stakeholder participation in improvement of the MAP sector. This paper presents an overview of MAP certification encompassing its different parameters, current scenario (Indian background), implementation strategies as well as stakeholders’ role in MAP conservation. It also highlights Indian initiatives in this direction.

Keywords

Medicinal plants Participatory conservation Resource management Certification Certification standards 

References

  1. Anishetty M, Tina H (2000) Strengthening of community management for agricultural biodiversity: a way to implement the global plan of action for conservation and sustainable utilization of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. In: Abstracts of GRCP, Oaxtepec, Morelos, Mexico, October 8–14, 2000. University of California, Division of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Genetic Resources Conservation Program, Davis CA USAGoogle Scholar
  2. Batugal PA (2004) Inventory and documentation of medicinal plants in 14 Asia Pacific countries. In: Batugal PA, Jayashree K, Lee SY, Jeffrey TO (eds) Medicinal plants research in Asia: the framework and project work plans, vol 1. International Plant Genetic Resources Institute–Regional Office for Asia, the Pacific and Oceania (IPGRI-APO), Serdang, pp 3–6Google Scholar
  3. Bhattacharya P, Prasad R, Bhattacharyya R, Asokan A (2008) Towards certification of wild medicinal and aromatic plants in four Indian states. Unasylva 59(230):35–44Google Scholar
  4. Brown L, Robinson D, Karman M (2002) The forest stewardship council and non-timber forest product certification: a discussion paper. Forest Stewardship Council (Secretariat) Avenida Hidalgo 502, Oaxaca 68000, MexicoGoogle Scholar
  5. Developing standards for certification of medicinal and aromatic plants in Uttarakhand Winrock India (2009). http://www.winrockindia.org/aromatic_plants-%20in_uttarakhand.htm. Cited 18 Mar 2009
  6. Development of medicinal plants policy brief for sustainable harvest, pricing and trade regime of wild produce within the framework of participatory forest management (2007) Regional Dialogue, IIFM, Bhopal, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  7. Donovan RZ (2001) Practical conservation through certified forestry. Observations on equity after ten years of smartwood certification. FAO-GTZ-ITTO seminar on ‘building confidence among forest certification schemes and their supporters’. Rome, Italy, 19–20 February, 2001Google Scholar
  8. Durst PB, Mckenzie PJ, Brown CL, Appanah S (2006) Challenges facing certification and eco-labelling of forest products in developing countries. Int Rev 8(2):193–200Google Scholar
  9. Export-Import Bank of India (2003) Export potential of Indian medicinal plants and products. Occasional paper no. 98. Export-Import Bank of India, Quest PublicationsGoogle Scholar
  10. Gibb H (2007) Gender dimensions of intellectual property and traditional medicinal knowledge. E-discussion paper, Asia-Pacific Trade and Investment Initiative. UNDP Regional Centre in Colombo, April, p 15Google Scholar
  11. Guideline on good agricultural and collection practice (GACP) for starting materials of herbal origin (2006) The European Agency for Evaluation of Medicinal Products. February 2006. http://www.emea.europa.eu/pdfs/human/hmpc/24681605en.pdf. Cited 18 Mar 2009
  12. Hansen E, Washburn MP, Finley J (2002) Understanding forest certification. http://sfp.cas.psu.edu/pdfs/PS%20Underforestcert.pdf. Cited 18 Mar 2009
  13. International Standard for sustainable Wild Collection of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants (ISSC-MAP) (2007) Version 1.0 Medicinal Plant Specialist GroupGoogle Scholar
  14. Jain AK (2000) Regulation of collection transit and trade of medicinal plants and other non timber forest products in India—a compendium. TRAFFIC—India, New Delhi, IndiaGoogle Scholar
  15. Jayarajan M (2004) Sacred Groves of North Malabar. In: Neelakandan S, Nair PRG, Shaji H (eds) Kerala Research Programme on Local Level Development. Centre for Development Studies, ThiruvananthapuramGoogle Scholar
  16. Katiyar A (2007) Group Certification for of organic NTFPs: Dhamtari approach. IDRC – Canada (ICIMOD), NMPB-New Delhi, India and CGMFP Federation – CGGoogle Scholar
  17. Law W, Salick J (2006) Comparing conservation priorities for useful plants among botanists and Tibetan doctors. Biodivers Conserv 16(6):1747–1759. doi:10.1007/s10531-006-9057-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Leslie AD (2004) The impacts and mechanics of certification. Int Rev 6(1):30–39Google Scholar
  19. Mallet P, Karmann M (2002) Certification of non-timber forest products: an emerging field. http://www.etfrn.org/etfrn/newsletter/pdf/etfrnnews32.pdf. Cited 18 Mar 2009
  20. Müller S, Dürbeck K (2005) Guidance manual for organic collection of wild plants. SIPPO, Stampfenbachstrasse 85, P.O. Box 492, 8035 Zürich, Switzerland. March 2005. http://www.sippo.ch/internet/osec/en/home/import/publications/food.-ContentSlot-44399-ItemList-93332-File.File.pdf/pub_food_wildplants.pdf. Cited 18 Mar 2009
  21. Pierce AR, Laird SA (2003) In search of comprehensive standards for non-timber forest products in the botanicals trade. Int Rev 5(2):138–147Google Scholar
  22. Pierce A, Shanley P, Laird SA (2003), Certification of non-timber forest products: limitations and implications of a market based conservation tool. Paper presented at the international conference on rural livelihoods, forests and biodiversity, Bonn, Germany, 19–23 May 2003Google Scholar
  23. Rudge J, Hamilton A (2006) Developing organic certification for more sustainable harvesting of wild medicinal plants. http://www.plantlife.org.uk/international/assets/med-plants/IFOAM-May2006.pdf. Cited 18 Mar 2009
  24. Samy RP, Pushparaj PN, Gopalakrishnakone P (2008) A compilation of bioactive compounds from Ayurveda. Bioinformation 3(3):100–110PubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. Schippmann U, Leaman D, Cunningham AB (2006) A comparison of cultivation and wild collection of medicinal and aromatic plants under sustainability aspects. In: Bogers RJ, Craker LE, Lange D (eds) Medicinal and aromatic plants. Springer, Berlin, pp 75–95CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Shanley P, Pierce A, Laird S (2005) Beyond timber: certification of non-timber forest products July 2005. http://www.foresttrends.org/documents/publications/Forest%20Certification%20and%20NTFP_7-22-05.pdf Cited 18 Mar 2009
  27. Verma SK (1998) Evolving mechanism for NTFP oriented forest management. For Usufructus 1(1 & 2):1–22Google Scholar
  28. Weber R, Butler J, Larson P (eds) (2000) Indigenous peoples and conservation organizations: experiences in collaboration. WWF International, Switzerland (February 2000)Google Scholar
  29. World Health Organization (2003) WHO guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants. Geneva, 2003. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2003/9241546271.pdf. Cited 18 Mar 2009

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rajasri Bhattacharyya
    • 1
    • 2
  • Aparna Asokan
    • 1
  • Prodyut Bhattacharya
    • 1
  • Ram Prasad
    • 1
  1. 1.International Centre for Community Forestry (ICCF)Indian Institute of Forest Management (IIFM)BhopalIndia
  2. 2.Centre for Ecological ScienceIndian Institute of ScienceBangaloreIndia

Personalised recommendations