Advertisement

Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 18, Issue 6, pp 1491–1507 | Cite as

Estimating biodiversity: a case study on true bugs in argentinian wetlands

  • M. C. Coscaron
  • M. C. Melo
  • J. Coddington
  • J. Corronca
Original Paper

Abstract

The species richness and relative abundance of faunas in defined areas are the raw materials in biodiversity science. The research methodology to acquire these data is inventory, and inventory quality depends on a number of parameters, for example collecting methods, season, and collector experience. To assess the ability of rapid inventory techniques to estimate local richness seven collectors sampled the fauna of true bugs in the Iberá watershed (Corrientes, Argentina) with seven methods during early spring, summer, and late summer (December, May, September) of 1 year. Twenty-three families, 225 spp. and 4,678 adults were found. We also applied various statistical techniques to correct the observed data for undersampling bias, which suggested the lower bound of annual heteropteran species richness at Pellegrini was about 250–300 species. Among heteropteran families, the particular inventory methodology was especially efficient in sampling Miridae.

Keywords

Biodiversity estimation Collecting methods Heteroptera Iberá watershed 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank M. Fraga from the Reserva Provincial Iberá, for permission to work in Pellegrini and the forest rangers for help and assistance in the field. We would like to thank the other members of our field team in Pellegrini, M. Chayle, G. López, M. Magnanelli and S. Montemayor, for collecting assistance. Specimens of Alydidae, Miridae, Pentatomidae and Tingidae were identified by D. L. Carpintero, L. Miller, E. Saini and C. Schaefer, to whom we thank. Also, to T. Dobbs and T. Henry for the critical reading of the manuscript. This study was supported in part by grants from National Geographic Society (No. 7104 to Coscarón), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Técnicas (CONICET) (PIP No. 5261 to Coscarón), Universidad Nacional del Nordeste (UNNE).

Supplementary material

10531_2008_9515_MOESM1_ESM.xls (236 kb)
Table S1 showing the raw data of the Heteroptera obtained in the collecting period in Carlos Pellegrini, Corrientes, Argentina, 2001–2002 (XLS 236 kb)

References

  1. Bar ME, Damborsky MP, Alvarez BM, Oscherov EB, Mazza SM (1999) Triatominos silvestres detectados en nidos de aves de algunos departamentos de la provincia de Corrientes, Argentina. Rev Soc Ent Arg 58:43–52Google Scholar
  2. Basset Y, Springate ND, Aberlenc HP, Delvare G (1997) A review of methods for sampling arthropods in tree canopies. In: Stork NE, Adis JA, Didham RK (eds) Canopy arthropods. Chapman & Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  3. Biström O, Väisänen R (1988) Ancient-forest invertebrates of the Pyhän-Häkki national park in Central Finland. Acta Zool Fenn 185:1–69Google Scholar
  4. Blackmore S (1996) Knowing the earth’s biodiversity challenges for the infrastructure of systematic biology. Science 274:63–64. doi: 10.1126/science.274.5284.63 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Butler BJ, Chazdon RL (1998) Species richness, spatial variation, and abundance of the soil seed bank of a secondary tropical rain forest. Biotropica 30:214–222. doi: 10.1111/j.1744-7429.1998.tb00056.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Cabrera AL, Willink A (1973) Biogeografía de América Latina. OEA, Serie de biología, Monographs No 13Google Scholar
  7. Carnevali R (1994) Fitogeografía de la provincia de Corrientes. Gob. de la Prov. de Corrientes. Inst Nac Tec Agrop (INTA)Google Scholar
  8. Carpintero DL (1998a) Miridae. In: Morrone JJ, Coscarón S (eds) Biodiversidad de artrópodos Argentinos. Ediciones Sur, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  9. Carpintero DL (1998b) Thaumastocoridae. In: Morrone JJ, Coscarón S (eds) Biodiversidad de artrópodos Argentinos. Ediciones Sur, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  10. Carpintero DL (1998c) Pachynomidae. In: Morrone JJ, Coscarón S (eds) Biodiversidad de artrópodos Argentinos. Ediciones Sur, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  11. Chao A (2004) Species richness estimation. In: Balakrishnan N, Read CB, Vidakovic B (eds) Encyclopedia of statistical sciences. Wiley, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  12. Coddington JA, Griswold CE, Silva D, Peñaranda D, Larcher S (1991) Designing and testing sampling protocols to estimate biodiversity in tropical ecosystems. In: EC Dudley (ed) Proceedings of the fourth international congress of systematic and evolutionary biology. The unity of evolutionary biology. Dioscorides Press, PortlandGoogle Scholar
  13. Coddington JA, Young LH, Coyle FA (1996) Estimating spider species richness in a southern Appalachian cove hardwood forest. J Arachnol 24:111–128Google Scholar
  14. Colwell RK (2005) EstimateS: statistical estimation of species richness and shared species from samples. Version 7.5. User’s guide and application published at: http://purl.oclc.org/estimates
  15. Colwell RK, Coddington JA (1994) Estimating the extent of terrestrial biodiversity through extrapolation. Philos Trans R Soc Lond 345:101–118. doi: 10.1098/rstb.1994.0091 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Coscarón MC (1998) Reduviidae. In: Morrone JJ, Coscarón S (eds) Biodiversidad de artrópodos Argentinos. Ediciones Sur, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  17. Coscarón MC (2003) Biodiversidad de chinches terrestres (Insecta: Heteroptera) en los esteros del Iberá: Inventario faunístico en la provincia Corrientes. In: Alvarez BB (ed) Fauna del Iberá. EUDENE (Editorial Universitaria de la Universidad del Nordeste), pp 359–369Google Scholar
  18. Coscarón MC, Cuello ND (2000) Biodiversity of Cimicomorpha and Pentatomorpha (Heteroptera) from Argentina. In: Abstracts of XXI International Congress of Entomology, Foz de Iguazú, Brazil. 20–28 August 2000Google Scholar
  19. Dobbs TT (2002) Preliminary listing of the Heteroptera attracted to lights in Everglades National Park. In: Abstracts of the annual meeting of the Entomological Society of America November, 17–20Google Scholar
  20. Estevez A, Lopez Ruf M, Mazzuconi S (2003) Biodiversidad de chinches acuáticas (Insecta: Heteroptera) en los esteros del Iberá. Inventario faunístico en la provincia Corrientes. In: Alvarez BB (ed) Fauna del Iberá. EUDENE (Editorial Universitaria de la Universidad del Nordeste), pp 393–402Google Scholar
  21. Fuller RJ, Langslow DC (1986) Ornithological evaluation for wildlife conservation. In: Usher MB (ed) Wildlife conservation evaluation. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  22. Gotelli NJ, Colwell RK (2001) Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecol Lett 4:379–391. doi: 10.1046/j.1461-0248.2001.00230.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Hammond PM (1990) Insects abundance and diversity in the Dumoga-Bone National Park, N. Sulawesi, with special reference to the beetle fauna of lowland rain forest in the Toraut region. In: Knight WJ, Holloway JD (eds) Insects and the rain Forests of South East Asia (Wallacea). The Royal Entomological Society of London, LondonGoogle Scholar
  24. Heltshe JF, Forrester NE (1983) Estimating species richness using the jackknife procedure. Biometrics 39:1–11. doi: 10.2307/2530802 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hodkinson ID, Casson D (1991) A lesser predilection for bugs: Hemiptera (Insecta) diversity in a tropical rain forest. Biol J Linn Soc Lond 43:101–109. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8312.1991.tb00587.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Holloway JD (1977) The Lepidoptera of Norfolk island: their biogeography and ecology. Junk, The HagueGoogle Scholar
  27. Humphries CJ, Williams PH, Vane-Wright RI (1995) Measuring biodiversity value for conservation. Annu Rev Ecol Syst 26:93–111. doi: 10.1146/annurev.es.26.110195.000521 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Leston D (1957) Spread potential and the colonization of islands. Syst Zool 6:41–46. doi: 10.2307/2411707 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Linnaeus C (1758) Systema naturae. 10th edGoogle Scholar
  30. Longino JT, Coddington J, Colwell RJ (2002) The ant fauna of a tropical rain forest: estimating species richness three different ways. Ecology 83(3):689–702CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. MacArthur RH (1965) Patterns in species diversity. Q Rev Biol 40:510–533. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-185X.1965.tb00815.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Magurran AE (1988) Ecological diversity and its measurement. Princeton University Press, PrincetonGoogle Scholar
  33. May RM (1988) How many species are there on Earth? Science 241:1441–1443. doi: 10.1126/science.241.4872.1441 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. May RM (1990) How many species? Philos Trans R Soc Lond 330:293–304. doi: 10.1098/rstb.1990.0200 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. McAleece N (1997) BioDiversity 1997 NHM & SAMS. Available at: http://www.nhm.ac.uk/zoology/bdpro
  36. Olson D, Dinerstein E, Wikramanayake N, Burgess N, Powell G, Underwood E, D’amico J, Itoua I, Strand H, Morrison J, Loucks C, Allnutt T, Ricketts T, Kura Y, Lamoreux J, Wettengel W, Hedao P, Kassem K (2001) Terrestrial ecoregions of the world—a new map of life on Earth. Bioscience 51(1):933–938CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Paula Silva A, Ferreira FPS (1998) Fauna de Heteroptera de la “Mata do Córrego do Paraíso”, ViÇosa, Minas Gerais, Brasil. I. Riqueza y diversidad específicas. An Inst Biol Univ Nac Auton Mex Ser Zool 69:39–51Google Scholar
  38. Pearsall SH, Durham D, Eagar DC (1986) Evaluation methodds in the United States. In: Usher MB (ed) Wildlife conservation evaluation. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  39. Raven PH, Wilson EO (1992) A fifty-year plan for biodiversity surveys. Science 258:1099–1100. doi: 10.1126/science.258.5085.1099 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Scharff N, Coddington JA, Griswold CE, Hormiga G, Bjørn P (2003) When to quit? Estimating spider species richness in a northern European deciduous forest. J Arachnol 31:246–273. doi: 10.1636/0161-8202(2003)031[0246:WTQESS]2.0.CO;2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Schuh RT, Slater JA (1995) True bugs of the world (Hemiptera:Heteroptera): clasification and natural history. Cornell University Press, IthacaGoogle Scholar
  42. Sorensen LL, Coddington JA, Scharff N (2002) Inventoring and estimating sub-canopy spider diversity using semi-quantitative sampling methods in an Afromontane forest. Environ Entomol 31:319–330CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Southwood TRE (1960) The flight activity of Heteroptera. Trans R Entomol Soc Lond 112:173–220Google Scholar
  44. Southwood TRE (1976) Ecological methods. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  45. Torales GJ (1998) Isoptera. In: Morrone JJ, Coscarón S (eds) Biodiversidad de artrópodos Argentinos. Ediciones Sur, La PlataGoogle Scholar
  46. Usher MB (1986) Wildlife conservation evaluation: attributes, criteria and values. In: Usher MB (ed) Wildlife conservation evaluation. Chapman and Hall, LondonGoogle Scholar
  47. Walter BA, Martin JL (2001) Species richness estimation of birds communities: how to control for sampling effort. Ibis 143:413–419. doi: 10.1111/j.1474-919X.2001.tb04942.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Wilson EO (1992) The diversity of life. The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. C. Coscaron
    • 1
  • M. C. Melo
    • 1
  • J. Coddington
    • 2
  • J. Corronca
    • 3
  1. 1.División Entomología, Facultad de Ciencias Naturales y MuseoUniversidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del BosqueLa PlataArgentina
  2. 2.Department of Entomology, Nacional Museum of Natural HistorySmithsonian InstitutionWashingtonUSA
  3. 3.CONICET-IEBI-Facultad de Ciencias NaturalesUniversidad Nacional de SaltaSaltaArgentina

Personalised recommendations