Biodiversity and Conservation

, 17:3307 | Cite as

Bird-habitat associations predict population trends in central European forest and farmland birds

  • Jiří Reif
  • David Storch
  • Petr Voříšek
  • Karel Šťastný
  • Vladimír Bejček
Original Paper

Abstract

Recent studies show differences in population trends between groups of species occupying different habitats. In Czech birds, as well as in many other European countries, populations of forest species have increased, whereas populations of farmland species have declined. The aim of our study was to test whether population trends of particular species were related to finer bird-habitat associations within farmland and forest birds. We assessed bird-habitat associations using canonical correspondence analysis based on data from a 400 km long transect across the Czech Republic. We calculated population trends of 62 bird species using log-linear models based on data from a large-scale annual monitoring scheme, which covers the time series from 1982 to 2005. Within forest birds, species with a closer association with lowland broad-leaved forest have had more positive population trends, whereas species with a closer association with montane and coniferous forest revealed more negative population trends. We attribute these opposite trends to the gradual replacement of coniferous forests by deciduous ones, which took place in the Czech Republic during recent decades. Our analyses revealed a hump-shaped relationship within farmland birds, species most closely associated with farmland habitat revealing the most negative trends, whereas species with intermediate association to farmland habitat showed the most positive population trends. Such a pattern can be explained by the abandonment of previously cultivated areas followed by the spread of unmanaged meadows and scrubland. Changes in quantity or quality of preferred habitats may thus represent major drivers of observed bird population changes.

Keywords

Bird community Canonical correspondence analysis Czech Republic Habitat use Land use Monitoring Population changes 

References

  1. Anonymous (2005) Statistical environmental yearbook of the Czech Republic 2005. The Ministry of the Environment of the Czech Republic, PrahaGoogle Scholar
  2. Báldi A, Faragó S (2007) Long-term changes of farmland game populations in a post-socialist country (Hungary). Agricult Ecosyst Environ 118:307–311. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.05.021 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Bibby CJ, Burgess ND, Hill DA, Mustoe SH (2000) Bird census techniques, 2nd edn. Academic Press, LondonGoogle Scholar
  4. Chamberlain DE, Fuller RJ, Bunce RGH, Duckworth JC, Shrubb M (2000) Changes in the abundance of farmland birds in relation to the timing of agricultural intensification in England and Wales. J Appl Ecol 37:771–788. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.2000.00548.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. De Juana E (2004) Changes in conservation status of birds in Spain, years 1954 to 2004. Ardeola 51:19–50Google Scholar
  6. Donald PF, Green RE, Heath MF (2001) Agricultural intensification and the collapse of Europe’s farmland bird populations. Proc R Soc Lond B 268:25–29. doi:10.1098/rspb.2000.1325 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Donald PF, Sanderson FJ, Burfield IJ, van Bommel FPJ (2006) Further evidence of continent-wide impacts of agricultural intensification on European farmland birds, 1990–2000. Agricult Ecosyst Environ 116:189–196. doi:10.1016/j.agee.2006.02.007 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Flade M, Schwarz J (2004) Results of the German Common Birds Census, part II: population changes in German forest birds 1989–2003. Vogelwelt 125:177–213Google Scholar
  9. Flousek J (1989) Impact of industrial emissions on bird populations breeding in mountain spruce forests in Central Europe. Ann Zool Fennici 26:255–263Google Scholar
  10. Führer E (1990) Forest decline in central Europe—additional aspects of its cause. Forest Ecol Manag 37:249–257. doi:10.1016/0378-1127(90)90094-R CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Gregory RD, Gaston KJ (2000) Explanations of commonness and rarity in British breeding birds: separating resource use and resource availability. Oikos 88:515–526. doi:10.1034/j.1600-0706.2000.880307.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gregory RD, van Strien A, Vorisek P, Gmelig Meyling AW, Noble DG, Foppen RPB, Gibbons DW (2005) Developing indicators for European birds. Phil Trans R Soc B 360:269–288. doi:10.1098/rstb.2004.1602 PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Gregory RD, Vorisek P, van Strien A, Gmelig Meyling AWG, Jiguet F, Fornasari L, Reif J, Chylarecki P, Burfield IJ (2007) Population trends of widespread woodland birds in Europe. Ibis 149:S78–S97. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2007.00698.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Holmes RT (2007) Understanding population change in migratory songbirds: long-term and experimental studies of Neotropical migrants in breeding and wintering areas. Ibis 149:S2–S13. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2007.00685.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hudec K (ed) (1983) Fauna ČSSR. Ptáci 3 (Fauna of the Czech Republic. Birds 3). Academia, PrahaGoogle Scholar
  16. Hudec K, Šťastný K (eds) (2005) Fauna České republiky. Ptáci 2 (Fauna of the Czech Republic. Birds 2). Academia, PrahaGoogle Scholar
  17. Janda J, Řepa P (1986) Metody kvantitativního výzkumu v ornitologii (Quantitative methods in ornithology). SZN, PrahaGoogle Scholar
  18. Julliard R, Jiguet F, Couvet D (2003) Common birds facing global changes: what makes a species at risk? Global Change Biol 10:148–154. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2003.00723.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Julliard R, Jiguet F, Couvet D (2004) Evidence for the impact of global warming on the long-term population dynamics of common birds. Proc R Soc Lond B 271:S490–S492. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2004.0229 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Julliard R, Clavel J, Devictor V, Jiguet F, Couvet D (2006) Spatial segregation of specialists and generalists in bird communities. Ecol Lett 9:1237–1244. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00977.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Konvička M, Čížek L, Beneš J (2004) Ohrožený hmyz nížinných lesů (Endangered insects in lowland forests). Sagittaria, OlomoucGoogle Scholar
  22. Lemoine N, Bauer H-G, Peintinger M, Boehning-Gaese K (2007) Effects of climate and land-use change on species abundance in a central European bird community. Conserv Biol 21:495–503. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00633.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Lepš J, Šmilauer P (2003) Multivariate analysis of ecological data using CANOCO. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  24. Lipský Z (1995) The changing face of the Czech rural landscape. Landscape Urban Plan 31:39–45. doi:10.1016/0169-2046(94)01034-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Martin TG, McIntyre S (2007) Impacts of livestock grazing and tree clearing on birds of woodland and riparian habitats. Conserv Biol 21:504–514. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00624.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Newton I (2004a) The recent declines of farmland bird populations in Britain: an appraisal of causal factors and conservation actions. Ibis 146:579–600. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2004.00375.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Newton I (2004b) Population limitation in migrants. Ibis 146:197–226. doi:10.1111/j.1474-919X.2004.00293.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Pannekoek J, van Strien A (2001) TRIM 3 Manual. Statistics NetherlandsGoogle Scholar
  29. Parody JM, Cuthbert FJ, Decker EN (2001) The effect of 50 years of landscape change on species richness and community composition. Global Ecol Biogeogr 10:305–313. doi:10.1046/j.1466-822X.2001.00233.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Peterjohn PG, Sauer JR (1994) Population trends of woodland birds from North American Breeding Bird Survey. Wildlife Soc B 22:155–164Google Scholar
  31. Prach K, Bartha S, Joyce CB, Pysek P, van Diggelen R, Wiegleb G (2001) The role of spontaneous vegetation succession in ecosystem restoration: a perspective. Appl Veg Sci 4:111–114Google Scholar
  32. Reif J, Voříšek P, Šťastný K, Bejček V (2006) Populační trendy ptáků v České republice v letech 1982–2005 (Population trends of birds in the Czech Republic during 1982–2005). Sylvia 42:22–37Google Scholar
  33. Reif J, Voříšek P, Šťastný K, Bejček V, Petr J (2007) Population increase of forest birds in the Czech Republic between 1982 and 2003. Bird Study 54:248–255CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Reif J, Voříšek P, Šťastný K, Bejček V, Petr J (2008) Agricultural intensification and farmland birds: new insights from a central European country. Ibis 150:596–605CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Schulte LA, Pidgeon AM, Mladenoff DJ (2005) One hundred fifty years of change in forest bird breeding habitat: Estimates of species distributions. Conserv Biol 19:1944–1956. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2005.00254.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Seoane J, Carrascal LM (2008) Interspecific differences in population trends of Spanish birds are related to habitat and climatic preferences. Glob Ecol Biogeogr 17:111–121Google Scholar
  37. Shultz S, Bradbury RB, Evans KL, Gregory RD, Blackburn TM (2005) Brain size and resource specialisation predict population trends in British birds. Proc R Soc Lond B 272:2305–2311. doi:10.1098/rspb.2005.3250 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Siriwardena GM, Baillie SR, Buckland ST, Fewster RM, Marchant JH, Wilson JD (1998) Trends in the abundance of farmland birds. A quantitative comparison of smoothed common bird census indices. J Appl Ecol 35:24–43. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2664.1998.00275.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Šťastný K, Bejček V (1985) Bird communities in spruce forests affected by industrial emissions in the Krušné Hory (Ore Mountains). In: Taylor K, Fuller RJ, Lack PC (eds) Bird census and atlas studies. BTO, Tring, pp 243–253Google Scholar
  40. Šťastný K, Bejček V, Voříšek P, Flousek J (2004) Populační trendy polních a lesních ptáků v České republice v letech 1982–2001 a jejich využití jako indikátorů (Population trends of farmland and woodland birds in the Czech Republic in 1982–2001 and their use as indicators). Sylvia 40:27–48Google Scholar
  41. Šťastný K, Bejček V, Hudec K (2006) Atlas hnízdního rozšíření ptáků v České republice (Atlas of breeding bird distribution in the Czech Republic). Aventinum, PrahaGoogle Scholar
  42. Storch D, Gaston KJ, Cepák J (2002) Pink landscapes: 1/f spectra of spatial environmental variability and bird community composition. Proc R Soc Lond B 269:1791–1796. doi:10.1098/rspb.2002.2076 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. ter Braak CJF, Šmilauer P (2002) CANOCO reference manual and CanoDraw for Windows user’s guide: software for canonical community ordination (version 4.5). Microcomputer Power, IthakaGoogle Scholar
  44. Veech JA (2006) A comparison of landscapes occupied by increasing and decreasing populations of grassland birds. Conserv Biol 20:1422–1432. doi:10.1111/j.1523-1739.2006.00487.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Whittingham MJ, Krebs JR, Swetnam RD, Vickery JA, Wilson JD, Freckleton RP (2007) Should conservation strategies consider spatial generality? Farmland birds show regional not national patterns of habitat association. Ecol Lett 10:25–35. doi:10.1111/j.1461-0248.2006.00992.x PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Wiens JA (1989) Ecology of bird communities. Cambridge Univ Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  47. Wretenberg J, Lindström A, Svensson S, Thierfelder T, Pärt T (2006) Population trends of farmland birds in Sweden and England: similar trends but different patterns of agricultural intensification. J Appl Ecol 43:1110–1120. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2664.2006.01216.x CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jiří Reif
    • 1
  • David Storch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Petr Voříšek
    • 3
  • Karel Šťastný
    • 4
  • Vladimír Bejček
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Ecology, Faculty of ScienceCharles University in PraguePraha 2Czech Republic
  2. 2.Center for Theoretical StudyCharles University in PraguePraha 1Czech Republic
  3. 3.Pan-European Common Bird MonitoringCzech Society for OrnithologyPraha 5Czech Republic
  4. 4.Department of Ecology and Environment, Faculty Environmental SciencesCzech University of Life SciencesPraha 6Czech Republic

Personalised recommendations