Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 16, Issue 11, pp 3213–3226

Saproxylic beetles in artificially created high-stumps of spruce and birch within and outside hotspot areas

  • Matts Lindbladh
  • Markus Abrahamsson
  • Meelis Seedre
  • Mats Jonsell
Original Paper

Abstract

Artificially created high-stumps (snags) are created regularly during forest felling operations in Swedish coniferous production forests. The saproxylic beetle fauna in high-stumps of spruce and birch, on 20 clearcuts in Southern Sweden, were sampled by bark sieving. Ten of the clearcuts were located in hotspot areas with documented occurrence of many red-listed saproxylic beetle species. The other ten clearcuts were located in a typical production forest landscape (i.e. the matrix). Our aim was to investigate whether the benefit of creating high-stumps differs if the clearcuts is located in a hotspot area or in the matrix. In total 4,179 saproxylic beetles were found, belonging to 66 species, 9 of which were red-listed. Birch high-stumps hosted more species, on average, than spruce high-stumps. In an ordination analysis, tree species had the strongest explanatory effect among the environmental variables. No difference in beetle fauna could be found between the hotspot and matrix clearcuts, for neither birch nor spruce, according to all parameters: species numbers, species composition and red-listed species. The study does not indicate that conservation efforts in coniferous production forests should be concentrated to hotspot areas.

Keywords

Betula Biodiversity Coleoptera Colonization Dead wood Landscape patterns Matrix Picea Snags 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matts Lindbladh
    • 1
  • Markus Abrahamsson
    • 1
  • Meelis Seedre
    • 1
    • 2
  • Mats Jonsell
    • 3
  1. 1.Southern Swedish Forest Research CentreSLUAlnarpSweden
  2. 2.Faculty of Forestry and the Forest EnvironmentLakehead UniversityONCanada
  3. 3.Department of EntomologySLUUppsalaSweden

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