The Event Book System: A Community-based Natural Resource Monitoring System from Namibia
- 428 Downloads
Namibia's Community Based Natural Resource Management program is a joint venture between government, national non-governmental organisations and rural communities. A component of the program involves communities in monitoring various aspects of their conservancy, ranging from wildlife numbers, through economic returns, to patrolling records and infringements of the rules. A main feature of community monitoring is the Event Book System, which differs from conventional monitoring in that the community dictates what needs to be monitored, and scientists only facilitate the design process and conservancy members undertake all data analysis. The system has been adopted with good results by more than 30 communal conservancies in Namibia, covering almost seven million ha, and is now also being piloted in six national parks. Continued emphasis is needed on enhancing community interpretation and use of data for active adaptive management, particularly where conservancy leaders are transient due to the democratic nature of local organizations. Moreover, because the system is driven by local priorities, it does not cover all aspects of a comprehensive biodiversity monitoring programme. Where society deems other biodiversity values worth monitoring, conservancies must either be willingly persuaded to act on this, or external systems must be established to cater for these needs. If a community already has a monitoring system of its own, a win–win solution might be for the community to be sub-contracted to undertake these ȁ8external modules' on behalf of national agencies.
KeywordsCommunity development Locally-based monitoring Namibia Natural resource monitoring Wildlife management
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Ashley, C., Barnes, J. 1996Wildlife use for economic gain. The potential for wildlife to contribute to development in NamibiaMinistry of Environment and TourismWindhoek, NamibiaDEA Research Discussion Paper No 12.Google Scholar
- Child, B., Page, K., Taylor, G., Winterbottom, B., Awarab, K., Bartel, P., Grimem, C. 2001Mid-Term Review of LIFE-II and Assessment of the Namibian National CBNRM ProgrammeUSAIDWindhoek, NamibiaGoogle Scholar
- Danielsen, F., Burgess, N., Balmford, A. 2005Monitoring matters: examining the potential of locally-based approachesBiodivers. Conserv.1425072542Google Scholar
- GRN1996Nature Conservation Amendment Act of 1996Republic of NamibiaWindhoek, NamibiaGovernment Gazett No 1333Google Scholar
- Hockley, N.J., Jones, J.P.G., Andriahajaina, F.B., Manica, A., Ranambitsoa, E.H., Randriamboahary, J.A. 2005When should communities and conservationists monitor exploited resources?Biodivers. Conserv.1427952806Google Scholar
- Knott, K. 2002Baseline Surveys for Identifying Biodiversity Indicators in Two Conservancies in Namibia Consultancy reportLIFE-WWF ProgrammeWindhoek, NamibiaGoogle Scholar
- Martin R.B. 2003 Conditions for effective, stable and equitable conservation at the national level. In: Whande et al. (eds) 2003 Local Communities, Equity and Conservation in Southern Africa. IUCN/CEESP Publications. Google Scholar
- Mendelsohn, J. eds. 2004Namibia's Communal Conservancies: A Review of Progress and ChallengesNACSOWindhoek, NamibiaGoogle Scholar
- Stuart-Hill G.C. 2003. Keynote best practice paper 2: Natural resource management. In: Proceedings of the regional conference on CBRNM in southern Africa: sharing best practices for the future. Windhoek, March 3-7. Namibian Association of CBRNM Support Organisations (NACSO), Windhoek, Namibia. Google Scholar
- Weaver, C. 2004End of Project Report – Phase II: Living in a Finite Environment (LIFE)USAIDWindhoek, NamibiaNumber: 690-A-00-99-00227-00.Google Scholar