Spatial distribution and habitat of the Anavilhanas Archipelago bird community in the Brazilian Amazon Article Received: 28 December 2004 Accepted: 24 June 2005 DOI:
10.1007/s10531-005-0606-x Cite this article as: Cintra, R., Sanaiotti, T.M. & Cohn-Haft, M. Biodivers Conserv (2007) 16: 313. doi:10.1007/s10531-005-0606-x Abstract
This study is the first to present a quantitative survey of bird species occurring in the archipelago of Anavilhanas, located in the Rio Negro in the Brazilian Amazon and is part of the Anavilhanas Ecological Station. We asked whether bird community composition is similar among the islands, and between islands and areas dominated by the surrounding upland terra firme forest on the left (east) margin of the Rio Negro. The surveys were conducted in November and December of 1988, using two complementary methods with mist nets and boat transects. A total of 232 bird species was found for Anavilhanas including a survey done in 1998. The families Tyrannidae and Thamnophilidae showed the highest number of species (16.4% and 9.0% of the total respectively). Some species not well known or having limited distributions are relatively frequently encountered in the archipelago, such as
Spizastur melanoleucus, Mitu tomentosa, Phaethornis rupurumii, Xiphorhynchus kienerii, Thamnophilus nigrocinereus, Myrmotherula klagesi, Myrmoborus lugubris, Pipra filicauda, and Cephalopterus ornatus. Hybrid Multidimensional Scaling (HMDS) ordination analysis indicated that the bird community composition is similar among islands. However, the bird community composition on the islands was significantly different from that in sites of terra firme forest at Rio Negro margins. Anavilhanas is a unique ecological system in the Amazon and has it own avifauna. Keywords Amazonia Anavilhanas Archipelago Bird community Black water Brazil Rio Negro River islands References Belbin, L. 1982PATN: Pattern Analysis Package CSIRO Canberra, Australia Google Scholar Bierregaard, R.O. 1990 Species composition and trophic organization of the understory bird community in a central Amazonian terra firme forest Gentry, A.H. eds. Four Neotropical Rainforests Yale University Press New Haven, USA 217 236 Google Scholar Borges, S.H., Carvalhaes, A. 2000 Bird species of black water inundations forests in the Jaú National Park (Amazonas stateBrazil): their contribution to regional species richness Biodiv. Conserv. 9 209 214 Google Scholar Borges, S.H., Cohn-Haft, M., Carvalhaes, A.M.P., Henriques, L.M., Pacheco, J.F., Whittaker, A. 2001 Birds of Jau National Park, Brazilian Amazon: species checklist, biogeography and conservation Ornithologia Neotrop 12 109 140 Google Scholar Cintra, R., Yamashita, C. 1990 Habitats, Abundância e ocorrência de aves no Pantanal de Poconé Mato Grosso. Papeis Avulsos de Zoologia (S. Paulo) 37 1 21 Google Scholar Cintra, R. 1997 Spatial distribution and foraging tactics of Tyrant Flycatchers in two habitats in the Brazilian Amazon Stud. Neotrop. Environ. 32 17 27 CrossRef Google Scholar Cohn-Haft, M., Whittaker, A., Stouffer, P.C. 1997 A new look at the “species-poor” Central Amazon: the avifauna north of Manaus, Brazil Remsen, J.V., eds. Ornithological Monographs 48 Jr. AOU Washington, DC 205 236 Google Scholar
Costa F. 2000. Effects of selective logging and girdling of commercially non-valuable trees on the understory plant communities in a central Amazonian forest. PhD Thesis. INPA/University of Amazonas, Manaus, Am.
Cracraft J. 1985. Historical biogeography and patterns of differentiation within the South American avifauna: areas of endemism. In: Buckley P.A., Foster M.S., Morton E.S., Ridgely R.S. and Buckley F.G. (eds.) Neotropical Ornithology. Ornithol. Monogr. 36, pp. 49–84.
Guilherme, E., Cintra, R. 2001 Effects of intensity and age of selective logging and tree girdling on an understory bird community composition in Central Amazonia, Brazil Ecotropica 7 77 92 Google Scholar
Haffer J. 1974. Avian speciation in tropical South America. Publications of the Nuttall Ornithological Club, No. 14.
Haffer, J. 1992 On the “river effect” in some forest birds of southern Amazonia Bol. Mus. Para. Emílio Goeldi (série Zoologia) 8 217 245 Google Scholar Junk, W.J., Furch, K. 1985 The physical and chemical properties of Amazonian waters and their relationships with the biota Prance, G.T. Lovejoy , T.E eds. Amazonia Pergamon Press Oxford 3 17 Google Scholar Lima, A.P., Cordeiro-Duarte, A.C., Luizão, F.J., Higushi, N. 2000 Effects of selective logging intensity on two termite species of genus Synthermes in Central Amazonia Forest Ecol. Manage. 137 151 154 CrossRef Google Scholar Magnusson, W.E., Lima, O.P., Reis, F.Q., Higushi, N., Ramos, J.F. 1999 Logging activity and tree regeneration in an Amazonian forest Forest Ecol. Manage 113 67 74 CrossRef Google Scholar MacNally, R.C. 1994 On charactering foraging versatility, illustrated by using birds Oikos 69 95 106 CrossRef Google Scholar MacArthur, R.H., Wilson, E.O. 1967The Theory of Island Biogeography Princeton University Press Princeton, N.J Google Scholar Meyer de’ Schauensee, R., Phelps, W.H., Jr. 1978A Guide to the Birds of Venezuela Princeton University Press Princeton, NJ Google Scholar Minchin, P.R. 1987 An evaluation of the relative robustness of techniques for ecological ordination Vegetatio 69 89 107 CrossRef Google Scholar Parolin, P., Adis J. da Silva, M.F., do Amaral, I.L., Schmidt, L., Piedade, M.T.F. 2003 Floristic composition of a floodplain forest in the Anavilhanas archipelago, Brazilian Amazonia Amazoniana 17 399 411 Google Scholar Petermann, P. 1997 The Birds Wolfgang, J. Junk eds. The Central Amazon Floodplain, Ecology of a Pulsing System Springer-Verlag Berlin 419 451 Google Scholar Pires, J. M., Prance, G. T. 1985 The vegetation types of the Brazilian Amazon Prance, G.T. Lovejoy, T.E. eds. Amazonia Pergamon Press Oxford 109 145 Google Scholar Remsen, J. V., Jr, Parker, T. A., III 1983 Contribution of river-created habitats to bird species richness in Amazonia Biotropica 15 223 231 CrossRef Google Scholar Rosenberg, G. H. 1990 Habitat specialization and foraging behavior by birds of Amazonian river islands in northeastern Peru Condor 92 427 443 CrossRef Google Scholar Sanaiotti, T., Cintra, R. 2001 Breeding and migrating birds in an Amazonian Savanna Stud. Neotrop. Environ. 36 23 32 CrossRef Google Scholar Sioli, H. 1984The Amazon: Limnology and Landscape Ecology of a Mighty Tropical River and its Basin Dr. W. Junk Publishers Dordrecht Google Scholar Stotz, D. F., Bierregaard, R. O., Cohn-Haft, M., Petermann, P., Smith, J., Whittaker, A., Wilson, S. V. 1992 The status of North American migrants in central Amazonian Brazil Condor 94 608 621 CrossRef Google Scholar Terborgh, J. 1985 Habitat selection in Amazonian Birds Cody, M. L. eds. Habitat Selection in Birds Academic Press New York 311 338 Google Scholar Terborgh, J., Fitzpatrick, J., Emmons, L. 1984 Annotated checklist of bird and mammal species of Cocha Cashu Biological Station, Manu National Park, Peru Fieldiana-Zoology Pub. Field Museum Nat. History 21 1 29 Google Scholar Terborgh, J., Robinson, S. K., Parker, T. A., III, Munn, C. A., Pierpont, N. 1990 Structure and organization of an Amazonian forest bird community Ecol. Monogr. 60 213 238 CrossRef Google Scholar Terborgh, J., Lopez, L., Tello, S. J. 1997 Bird communities in transitions: the Lago Guri islands Ecology 78 1494 1501 CrossRef Google Scholar Willis, E. O. 1977 Lista preliminar das aves da parte noroeste e áreas vizinhas da Reserva Ducke, Amazonas, Brasil Revista Brasileira de Biologia. 37 585 601 Google Scholar