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Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 9, pp 2265–2274 | Cite as

Renewed hope for the threatened avian endemics of northeastern Brazil

  • Juan Mazar Barnett
  • Caio J. Carlos
  • Sônia A. Roda
Article

Abstract.

The forests north of the São Francisco River, in northeastern Brazil, conform a centre of endemism for plants and animals. Currently only 5% of its original forest cover is left, following 500 years of human colonisation. Avian endemism is high, and during the 1980s four birds were described from these forests, Alagoas Foliage-gleaner Philydor novaesi, Orange-bellied Antwren Terenura sicki, Alagoas Antwren Myrmotherula snowi and Alagoas Tyrannulet Phylloscartes ceciliae. Their type locality, Murici Ecological Station, in the coastal mountains of Alagoas state, was the only site where the four species were known to occur together, and became the focus of much attention from conservation organisations. We here report on recent surveys at Reserva Privada do Patrimônio Natural Frei Caneca, in the mountains of Pernambuco state, which found these 4 species and 27 other threatened and endemic birds, and a yet undescribed taxon. We propose that more thorough surveys are needed in the reserve and its vicinity, to locate fragments of suitable forest for these species. These should be regarded within a management plan for the reserve (including research and monitoring), and such work should be expanded to a regional level. An educational programme focusing on the values of these forests and the negative impacts of human activities is needed very much.

Keywords

Avian endemism Conservation Endemic bird areas Myrmotherula snowi Northeastern Brazil Pernambuco Centre Philydor novaesi Phylloscartes ceciliae Terenura sicki 

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Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  • Juan Mazar Barnett
    • 1
  • Caio J. Carlos
    • 2
  • Sônia A. Roda
    • 3
  1. 1.Av. Forest 1531 1 °BBuenos AiresArgentina
  2. 2.Programa de Pós-Graduação em Oceanografia Biológica, Departamento de OceanografiaFundação Universidade Federal do Rio GrandeRio Grande-RSBrazil
  3. 3.CEPAN-Centro de Pesquisas Ambientais do NordesteRua Major Médico Vicente Fonseca de MatosJaboatão dos GuararapesBrasil

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