Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 9, pp 2185–2206 | Cite as

Arthropod communities on creosote bush (Larrea tridentata) in desert patches of varying degrees of urbanization

Article

Abstract

The goal of the present study was to investigate the influence of urbanization on the richness, abundance and composition of arthropod communities associated with creosote bush, Larrea tridentata [DC] Cov., in Phoenix, Arizona. Arthropod communities were sampled in two desert types varying in degree of urbanization including fringe deserts (relatively undisturbed expanses of desert outside of Phoenix) and urban deserts (patches of desert within the urban core of Phoenix). Two studies were conducted including (1) a seasonal study (conducted at two fringe desert and two urban desert sites over a nine-month period), and (2) a snapshot study (conducted at multiple fringe desert and urban desert sites over an eight-day period). Results from both studies demonstrated that overall richness and abundance of creosote bush arthropod communities were lower in urban deserts than in fringe deserts. Additionally, creosote bush arthropod community composition varied greatly, both temporally and spatially. These differences in richness and abundance between fringe deserts and urban deserts suggest that the creosote bush arthropod community may be a useful focal biotic community to monitor when assaying for environmental change due to urbanization in arid habitats.

Key words

Arthropod communities Community composition Creosote bush Larrea tridentata Sonoran desert Urbanization 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Abensperg, M.T., Smith, T.G., Arnold, G.W., Steven, D.E. 1996The effects of habitat fragmentation and livestock-grazing on animal communities in remnants of gimlet Eucalyptus salubris woodland in the Western Australian wheatbelt. I. ArthropodsJournal of Applied Ecology3312811301Google Scholar
  2. Andersen, A.N. 1993Ants as indicators of restoration success at a uranium mine in tropical AustraliaRestoration Ecology1156167Google Scholar
  3. AZB 1998. Arizona Business, Vol. 45, No. 1. Center for Business ResearchArizona State University College of Business, TempeAZ.Google Scholar
  4. Balling, R.C., Cerveny, R.S. 1987Long-term associations between wind speeds and the urban heat-island of Phoenix, ArizonaJournal of Climate and Applied Meteorology26712716Google Scholar
  5. Balling, R.C., Cerveny, R.S., Idso, C.D. 2001Does the urban CO2 dome of Phoenix, Arizona contribute to its heat island?Geophysical Research Letters2845994601Google Scholar
  6. Blair, R.B., Launer, A.E. 1997Butterfly diversity and human land use: species assemblages along an urban gradientBiological Conservation80113125Google Scholar
  7. Borror, D.J., Triplehorn, C.A., Johnson, N.F. 1989An Introduction to the Study of InsectsSaunders College PublishingFort WorthTexasGoogle Scholar
  8. Budd, A.F., Johnson, K.G., Potts, D.C. 1994Recognizing morphospecies in colonial reef corals: I. Landmark-based methodsPaleobiology20484505Google Scholar
  9. Chew, R.M. 1961Ecology of the spiders of a desert communityJournal of the New York Entomological Society69541Google Scholar
  10. Chiarello, A.G. 1999Effects of fragmentation of the Atlantic forest on mammal communities in south-eastern BrazilBiological Conservation897182Google Scholar
  11. Curran, L.M., Caniago, I., Paoli, G.D., Astianti, D., Kusneti, M., Leighton, M., Nirarita, C.E., Haeruman, H. 1999Impact of El Niño and logging on canopy tree recruitment in BorneoScience28621842187Google Scholar
  12. Davis, B.N.K. 1978Urbanisation and the diversity of insectsBiological Conservation10249291Google Scholar
  13. Davis, B.N.K. 1979The ground arthropods of London gardensLondon Naturalist581524Google Scholar
  14. Denys, C., Schmidt, H. 1998Insect communities on experimental mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris L.) plots along an urban gradientOecologia113269277Google Scholar
  15. Dickman, C.R. 1987Habitat fragmentation and vertebrate species richness in an urban environmentJournal of Applied Ecology24337351Google Scholar
  16. Dickman, C.R., Doncaster, C.P. 1987The ecology of small mammals in urban habitats. I. Populations in a patchy environmentJournal of Animal Ecology56629640Google Scholar
  17. Dickman, C.R., Doncaster, C.P. 1989The ecology of small mammals in urban habitats. II. Demography and dispersalJournal of Animal Ecology58119127Google Scholar
  18. Esteller, M.V., Diaz-Delgado, C. 2002Environmental effects of aquifer overexploitation: a case study in the highlands of MexicoEnvironmental Management29266278Google Scholar
  19. Estrada, C., Fernandez, F. 1999Diversity of ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in a successional gradient of a cloud forest (NarinoColombia)Revista de Biologia Tropical47189201Google Scholar
  20. Felsenstein, J. 1995PHYLIP (phylogeny inference package) Version 3.57Department of Genomic SciencesUniversity of Washington, SeattleDistributed by the authorGoogle Scholar
  21. Floyd, T. 1996Top-down impacts on creosote bush herbivores in a spatially and temporally complex environmentEcology7715441555Google Scholar
  22. Friesen, L.E., Eagles, P.F.J., Mackay, R.J. 1995Effects of residential development on forest-dwelling neotropical migrant songbirdsConservation Biology914081414Google Scholar
  23. Gascon, C., Lovejoy, T.E., Bierregaard, R.O.,Jr., Malcolm, J.R., Stouffer, P.C., Vasconcelos, H.L., Laurance, W.F., Zimmerman, B., Tocher, M., Borges, S. 1999Matrix habitat and species richness in tropical forest remnantsBiological Conservation91223229Google Scholar
  24. Gibbs, J.P., Stanton, E.J. 2001Habitat fragmentation and arthropod community change: carrion beetles, phoretic mites, and fliesEcological Applications117985Google Scholar
  25. Golden, D.M., Crist, T.O. 1999Experimental effects of habitat fragmentation on old-field canopy insects: community, guild and species responsesOecologia118371380Google Scholar
  26. Granjon, L., Cosson, J.F., Judas, J., Ringuet, S. 1996Influence of tropical rainforest fragmentation on mammal communities in French Guiana: short-term effectsActa Oecologica17673684Google Scholar
  27. Hanowski, J.M., Niemi, J.G., Christian, C.D. 1997Influence of within-plantation heterogeneity and surrounding landscape composition on avian communities in hybrid poplar plantationsConservation Biology11936944Google Scholar
  28. Herkert, J.R. 1994The effects of habitat fragmentation on midwestern grassland bird communitiesEcological Applications4461471Google Scholar
  29. Hurd, P.D.,Jr., Linsley, E.G. 1975aSome insects other than bees associated with Larrea tridentata in the southwestern United StatesProceedings of the Entomological Society of Washington77100120Google Scholar
  30. Hurd, P.D.,Jr., Linsley, E.G. 1975bThe principal Larrea bees of the southwestern United States (Hymenoptera: Apoidea)Smithsonian Contributions in Zoology193174Google Scholar
  31. Kim, H.H. 1992Urban heat-islandInternational Journal of Remote Sensing1323192336Google Scholar
  32. Krebs, C.J. 1989Ecological MethodologyBenjamin/CummingsMenlo Park, CaliforniaGoogle Scholar
  33. Kruess, A., Tscharntke, T. 1994Habitat fragmentation, species loss, and biological controlScience26415811584Google Scholar
  34. Kruess, A., Tscharntke, T. 2000Species richness and parasitism in a fragmented landscape: experiments and field studies with insects on Vicia sepiumOecologia122129137Google Scholar
  35. LeBlanc, F., DeSloover, J. 1970Relation between industrialization and the distribution and growth of epiphytic lichens and mosses in MontrealCanadian Journal of Botany4814851496Google Scholar
  36. Lightfoot, D.C., Whitford, W.G. 1987Variation in insect densities on desert creosote bush: is nitrogen a factor?Ecology68547557Google Scholar
  37. Lightfoot, D.C., Whitford, W.G. 1989Interplant variation in creosote bush foliage characteristics and canopy arthropodsOecologia81166175Google Scholar
  38. Lightfoot, D.C., Whitford, W.G. 1990Phytophagus insects enhance nitrogen flux in a desert creosote bush communityOecologia821825Google Scholar
  39. Lightfoot, D.C., Whitford, W.G. 1991Productivity of creosote bush foliage and associated canopy arthropods along a desert roadsideAmerican Midland Naturalist125310322Google Scholar
  40. Liu, C.M., Yu, J.J., Kendy, E. 2001Groundwater exploitation and its impact on the environment in the North China PlainWater International26265272Google Scholar
  41. Mabry, T.J., DiFeo, D.R., Sakakibara, M., Bohnstedt, C.F., Seigler, D. 1977

    The natural products chemistry of Larrea

    Mabry, T.J.Hunziker, J.H.Difeo, D.R. eds. Creosote Bush: Biology and Chemistry of Larrea in New World DesertsDowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Inc.Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania115134
    Google Scholar
  42. Magurran, A.E. 1988Ecological Diversity and its MeasurementPrinceton University PressPrinceton, NJGoogle Scholar
  43. Majer, J.D. 1985Recolonization by ants of rehabilitated mineral sand mines on North Stradbroke Is. Queenslandwith particular reference to seed removalAustralian Journal of Ecology103148Google Scholar
  44. Majer, J.D. 1996Ant recolonization of rehabilitated bauxite mines at Trombetas, ParaBrazilJournal of Tropical Ecology12257273Google Scholar
  45. Majer, J.D., Beeston, G. 1996The biodiversity integrity index: an illustration using ants in Western AustraliaConservation Biology106573Google Scholar
  46. McIntyre, N.E. 2000Ecology of urban arthropods: a review and a call to actionAnnals of the Entomological Society of America93825835Google Scholar
  47. McIntyre, N.E., Rango, J., Fagan, W.F., Faeth, S.H. 2001Ground arthropod community structure in a heterogeneous urban environmentLandscape and Urban Planning52257274Google Scholar
  48. Minckley, R.L., Cane, J.H., Kervin, L., Roulston, T.H. 1999Spatial predictability and resource specialization of bees (Hymenoptera: Apoidea) at a superabundantwidespread resourceBiological Journal of the Linnean Society67119147Google Scholar
  49. Miyashita, T., Shinkai, A., Chida, T. 1998The effects of forest fragmentation on web spider communities in urban areasBiological Conservation86357364Google Scholar
  50. Munoz-Reinoso, J.C. 2001Vegetation changes and groundwater abstraction in SW DonanaSpainJournal of Hydrology242197209Google Scholar
  51. Nowakowski, E. 1986Structure of soil click beetle (ColeopteraElateridae) communities in urban green areas of WarsawMemorabilia Zoologica4581102Google Scholar
  52. Oliver, I., Beattie, A.J. 1996Invertebrate morphospecies as surrogates for species: a case studyConservation Biology1099109Google Scholar
  53. Peck, S.L., McQuaid, B., Campbell, C.L. 1998Using ant species (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) as a biological indicator of agroecosystem conditionEnvironmental Entomology2711021110Google Scholar
  54. Pouyat, R.V., Parmelee, R.W., Carreiro, M.M. 1994Environmental effects of forest soil-invertebrate and fungal densities in oak stands along an urban-rural land use gradientPedobiologia38385399Google Scholar
  55. Rhoades, D.F. 1977

    The antiherbivore chemistry of Larrea

    Mabry, T.J.Hunziker, J.H.Difeo, D.R. eds. Creosote Bush: Biology and Chemistry of Larrea in New World DesertsDowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Inc.Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania135175
    Google Scholar
  56. Root, R.B. 1967The niche exploitation pattern of the blue-gray gnatcatcherEcological Monographs37317350Google Scholar
  57. Rosch, M., Chown, S.L., McGeoch, M.A. 2001Testing a bioindicator assemblage: gall-inhabiting moths and urbanizationAfrican Entomology98594Google Scholar
  58. Roth, D.S., Perfecto, I. 1994The effects of management systems on ground-foraging ant diversity in Costa RicaEcological Applications4423436Google Scholar
  59. Ruszczyk, A. 1986Distribution and abundance of butterflies in the urbanization zones of Porto AlegreBrazilJournal of Research on the Lepidoptera25157178Google Scholar
  60. Ruszczyk, A., de Araujo, A.M. 1992Gradients in butterfly species diversity in an urban area in BrazilJournal of the Lepidopterist Society46255264Google Scholar
  61. Sawoniewicz, J. 1986Structure of Ichneumonidae (Hymenoptera) communities in urban green areas of WarsawMemorabilia Zoologica41103124Google Scholar
  62. Schowalter, T.D., Lightfoot, D.C., Whitford, W.G. 1999Diversity of arthropod responses to host-plant water stress in a desert ecosystem in southern New MexicoAmerican Midland Naturalist142281290Google Scholar
  63. Schultz, J.C., Otte, D., Enders, F. 1977

    Larrea as a habitat component for desert arthropods

    Mabry, T.J.Hunziker, J.H.Difeo, D.R. eds. Creosote Bush: Biology and Chemistry of Larrea in New World DesertsDowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Inc.Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania176208
    Google Scholar
  64. Söderström, B., Svensson, B., Vessby, K., Glimskär, A. 2001Plants, insects and birds in semi-natural pastures in relation to local habitat and landscape factorsBiodiversity and Conservation1018391863Google Scholar
  65. Sokal, R.R., Rohlf, F.J. 1995BiometryW.H. Freeman and CompanyNew York, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  66. Solbrig, O.T. 1977

    The adaptive strategies of Larrea

    Mabry, T.J.Hunziker, J.H.Difeo, D.R. eds. Creosote Bush: Biology and Chemistry of Larrea in New World DesertsDowden, Hutchinson & Ross, Inc.Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania19
    Google Scholar
  67. Steiner, W.A. 1995Influence of air-pollution on moss-dwelling animals. 3. Terrestrial faunawith emphasis on oribatida and collembolaAcarologia36149173Google Scholar
  68. Suarez, A.V., Bogler, T.D., Case, T.J. 1998Effects of fragmentation and invasion on native ant communities on coastal southern CaliforniaEcology7920412056Google Scholar
  69. Sustek, Z. 1992Changes in the representation of carabid life forms along an urbanisation gradient (ColeopteraCarabidae)Biologia (Bratislava)42417430Google Scholar
  70. Tarleton, L.F., Katz, R.W. 1995Statistical explanation for trends in extreme summer temperatures at Phoenix, ArizonaJournal of Climate817041708Google Scholar
  71. Tilman, D. 1997Community invasibility, recruitment limitation, and grassland biodiversityEcology788192Google Scholar
  72. Turner, I.M. 1996Species loss in fragments of tropical rain forest: a review of the evidenceJournal of Applied Ecology33200209Google Scholar
  73. Vitousek, P.M., Mooney, H.A., Lubchenco, J., Melillo, J. 1987Human domination of Earth’s ecosystemScience277494499Google Scholar
  74. Whitford, W.G., Van Zee, J., Nash, M.S., Smith, W.E., Herrick, J.E. 1999Ants as indicators of exposure to environmental stressors in North American desert grasslandsEnvironmental Monitoring and Assessment54143171Google Scholar
  75. Williams, N.M., Minckley, R.M., Silveira, F.A. 2001Variation in native bee faunas and its implications for detecting community changesConservation Ecology57[online] URL: http://www.consecol.org/vol5/iss1/art7.Google Scholar
  76. Zabel, J., Tscharntke, T. 1998Does fragmentation of Urtica habitats affect phytophagous and predatory insects differentially?Oecologia116419425Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of BiologyArizona State UniversityTempeUSA

Personalised recommendations